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1 Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, 60 Leonard Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8 2 Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave., Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, USA 3 Regional Neurogenetic Centre, Lamezia Terme, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale Catanzaro, Italy 4 Neurology I, Rita Levi Montalcini Department of(More)
The G4C2 repeat expansion in C9orf72 is the most common known cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). We tested the hypothesis that the repeat expansion causes aberrant CpG methylation near the G4C2 repeat, which could be responsible for the downregulation of gene expression. We investigated the CpG(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the allele frequency of C9orf72 (G4C2) repeats in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), Alzheimer disease (AD), and Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN The number of repeats was estimated by a 2-step genotyping strategy. For expansion carriers, we sequenced the repeat flanking regions and obtained(More)
Schizophrenia is a relatively common psychiatric syndrome that affects virtually all brain functions. We investigated the plasma proteome of 22 schizophrenia male patients and 20 healthy male controls using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. In total, we have identified 66 protein spots in human plasma and found that seven of them(More)
The most common cause of both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a G4C2-repeat expansion in C9orf72. However, the lower limit for pathological repeats has not been established and expansions with different sizes could have different pathological consequences. One of the implicated disease mechanisms is(More)
BACKGROUND A hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the first intron of C9ORF72 has been shown to be responsible for a high number of familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Atypical presentations have been described, particularly psychosis. METHODS We determined the frequency of the hexanucleotide repeat(More)
Recently, several researches based on expression analysis, genetic linkage and association studies have suggested that the regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) might be a schizophrenia susceptibility gene. However, these linkage and association studies have been conducted using different ethnic samples, and have therefore tended to produce inconsistent(More)
Despite its multi-faceted role in neurodegenerative diseases, the physiological function of the prion protein (PrP) has remained elusive. On the basis of its evolutionary relationship to ZIP metal ion transporters, we considered that PrP may contribute to the morphogenetic reprogramming of cells underlying epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMT).(More)
The objectives of this study were to estimate frontotemporal dementia (FTD) prevalence, identify FTD-related mutations, and correlate FTD phenotype with mutations in a southern Italian population. The study population consisted of subjects ≥ 50 years of age residing in the Community of Biv. on January 1, 2004, and a door-to-door 2-phase design was used.(More)
Pathologic expansion of the G4C2 repeat in C9orf72 is the main genetic cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To evaluate the frequency of the G4C2 expansion in a Latin American cohort of FTD and ALS patients, we used a 2-step genotyping strategy. For FTD, we observed an overall expansion frequency of 18.2% (6 of 33(More)