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PURPOSE Retinal microsurgery requires extremely delicate manipulation of retinal tissue where tool-to-tissue interaction forces are usually below the threshold of human perception. Creating a force-sensing surgical instrument that measures the forces directly at the tool tip poses great challenges due to the interactions between the tool shaft and the(More)
Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) are plant defense proteins. To date, no spatial distribution of PGIPs and interaction between PGIPs and nitric oxide (NO) in plant were described. Here, we first reported the full-length cDNA sequence of PGIP of Chorispora bungeana (CbPGIP1). Notably, immunofluorescence localization showed that the CbPGIP was(More)
This paper reports the development of novel micro-force sensing tools for retinal microsurgery. Retinal microsurgery requires extremely delicate manipulation of retinal tissue, and tool-to-tissue interaction forces are frequently below human perceptual thresholds. Further, the interaction between the tool shaft and sclera makes accurate sensing of forces(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a new technique for endoscopic resection of early-stage gastrointestinal cancers. Though ESD achieves high rate of en bloc resection, it is technically difficult to master. The development of a novel robotic endoscopic system that has 2 arms attached to an ordinary endoscope-Master and Slave(More)
INTRODUCTION A novel robotic platform for Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is presented in this paper. It aims to tackle two crucial technical barriers which hinder its smooth transition from animal studies to clinical trials: providing effective instrumentations to perform complex NOTES procedures and maintaining the spatial(More)
Mechanical stimuli play crucial roles in bone remodeling and resorption. Osteopontin (OPN), a marker for osteoblasts, is important in cell communication and matrix mineralization, and is known to function during mechanotransduction. Hypergravity is a convenient approach to forge mechanical stimuli on cells. It has positive effects on certain markers of(More)
Nasogastric (NG) intubation is one of the most commonly performed clinical procedures. Real-time localization and tracking of the NG tube passage at the larynx region into the esophagus is crucial for safety, but is lacking in current practice. In this paper, we present the design, analysis and evaluation of a non-invasive real-time localization system(More)
Haptic feedback is an active trend in robotic surgery. However, it is not always feasible to place physical force sensors on the robotic tool-tips due to size or other constraints. Haptic modeling of the organ/tissue could be an alternative approach to provide estimated force information from available data. In this paper, we investigate haptic modeling to(More)
This work demonstrated that a cold-induced DEAD-box RNA helicase, CbDRH, is also post-transcriptionally regulated upon cold stress, and it interacts with a cold-responsive, glycine-rich, RNA-binding protein, CbGRP. Chorispora bungeana (C. bungeana) is a representative alpine subnival plant species that shows strong tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses,(More)
In many medical intervention procedures, passive magnetic tracking technology has found favor in continuous localization of medical instruments and tools inside the human body. By utilizing a small permanent magnet as a passive source, it requires no dedicated power supply or wire connection into the body. Past researches usually adopt rigid structures to(More)