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Bacterioplankton community compositions in the Dongjiang River were characterized using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S rRNA gene clone library construction. Water samples in nine different sites were taken along the mainstem and three tributaries. In total, 24 bands from DGGE gels and 406 clones from the libraries were selected and(More)
Grain chalkiness is a complex trait adversely affecting appearance and milling quality, and therefore has been one of principal targets for rice improvement. Eliminating chalkiness from rice has been a daunting task due to the complex interaction between genotype and environment and the lack of molecular markers. In addition, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Nitrification in aquatic ecosystems plays a crucial role in the global nitrogen cycling. It has been widely accepted that ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are responsible for nitrification. However, this concept is currently challenged by the ubiquity of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) in various environments, such as in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.(More)
Nitrogen fertilizer significantly increases spikelet number and grain yield in rice. Although many transcriptome analyses of rice have been conducted, this is the first study to examine differential gene expression in young panicles of rice in response to nitrogen fertilizer. Digital gene expression tag profiling is a revolutionary approach for gene(More)
To determine how the use of a given rootstock can influence the functioning of the photosynthetic apparatus of the scion under salt stress, the growth, gas exchange, photosystem II (PSII) efficiency, xanthophyll cycle, and chloroplast ultrastructure of nongrafted, self-grafted, and pumpkin-grafted (hereafter referred to as rootstock-grafted) cucumber(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to assess the associations of six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of three genes (DRD3, COMT, and SCL6A4) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Southern Chinese. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Five hundred ninety-five cases with T2DM and 725 healthy controls of Han origin were recruited from six hospitals in Guangdong(More)
The spikelet number per panicle is established in the early stages of panicle development. Nitrogen fertilizer application before panicle initiation is known to increase spikelet number, which is one of the most important traits in rice productivity determination. However, the basic proteomic mechanism remains poorly understood. The present study shows that(More)
Double Star Program (DSP) aims to investigate the trigger mechanism and physical models of geomagnetic storms and substorms. The DSP involves two satellites: the equatorial satellite of DSP (TC-1 in China) and the polar satellite of DSP (TC-2 in China). On board the two satellites of TC-1 and TC-2, there are four kinds of particle instruments developed by(More)
It has been implicated noncollagenous proteins act as important regulators during odontogenesis. To test the hypothesis that the roles of Dspp, Mepe, Versican and Mimecan in the regulation of odontogenesis may be complementary, comparative investigations on the localization of four proteins were performed by immunohistochemical staining using mouse first(More)
Neutrophils emigrate from venules to sites of infection or injury in response to chemotactic gradients. How these gradients form is not well understood. Some IL-6 family cytokines stimulate endothelial cells to express adhesion molecules and chemokines that recruit leukocytes. Receptors for these cytokines share the signaling subunit gp130. We studied(More)