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Grain chalkiness is a complex trait adversely affecting appearance and milling quality, and therefore has been one of principal targets for rice improvement. Eliminating chalkiness from rice has been a daunting task due to the complex interaction between genotype and environment and the lack of molecular markers. In addition, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Neutrophil recruitment, mediated by β2 integrins, combats pyogenic infections but also plays a key role in ischemia-reperfusion injury and other inflammatory disorders. Talin induces allosteric rearrangements in integrins that increase affinity for ligands (activation). Talin also links integrins to actin and other proteins that enable formation of(More)
Leukocytes roll on P-selectin after its mobilization from secretory granules to the surfaces of platelets and endothelial cells. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL-1β, and lipopolysaccharide increase synthesis of P-selectin in murine but not in human endothelial cells. To explore the physiological significance of this difference in gene regulation, we made(More)
Nitrogen plays a central role in rice growth and development because it modulates a wide variety of processes, including cytokinin (CK) metabolism. CK-mediated signaling is also related to nitrogen metabolism. The functional relation between nitrogen and CK are extremely complex and unclear. In this study, a comparative proteomic analysis was carried out to(More)
To simulate expected future global warming, hexagonal arrays of infrared heaters have previously been used to warm open-field canopies of upland crops such as wheat. Through the use of concrete-anchored posts, improved software, overhead wires, extensive grounding, and monitoring with a thermal camera, the technology was safely and reliably extended to(More)
OBJECTIVE A meta-analysis was applied to evaluate the associations between tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) -308G>A (rs1800629) polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) was employed to test genetic equilibrium among the genotypes of the selected literature. Power analysis was performed with the Power and(More)
Nitrogen fertilizer significantly increases spikelet number and grain yield in rice. Although many transcriptome analyses of rice have been conducted, this is the first study to examine differential gene expression in young panicles of rice in response to nitrogen fertilizer. Digital gene expression tag profiling is a revolutionary approach for gene(More)
This study aims to investigate the effect of nitrogen (N) on grain phosphorus (P) accumulation in japonica rice. Six cultivars with contrasting agronomic traits were grown for 3 years (from 2008 to 2010) of field experiments under seven N treatments and 1 year (in 2010) of pot experiments with five N treatments to study the effect of N on grain phosphorus(More)