Zhenghao Xu

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Ion channels regulate membrane excitation, and mutations of ion channels often cause serious neurological disorders including epilepsy. Compared with extensive analyses of channel protein structure and function, much less is known about the fine tuning of channel activity by post-translational modification. Here we report that the large conductance, Ca(2+)-(More)
BACKGROUND Low-frequency stimulation (LFS, <5 Hz) has been proposed as an alternative option for the treatment of epilepsy. The stimulation pole, anode and cathode, may make different contributions to the anti-epileptic effect of LFS. OBJECTIVE To determine whether electrode polarity influences the anti-epileptic effect of LFS at the kindling focus in(More)
Low-frequency stimulation (LFS) is emerging as a new option for the treatment of epilepsy. The present study was designed to determine whether there is a crucial period for the treatment of epileptogenesis with LFS. LFS was delivered at different time-points to evaluate its anti-epileptogenic effect on amygdala-kindling rats. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(More)
Brain stimulation is an alternative treatment for epilepsy. However, the neuronal circuits underlying its mechanisms remain obscure. We found that optogenetic activation (1Hz) of entorhinal calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II α (CaMKIIα)-positive neurons, but not GABAergic neurons, retarded hippocampal epileptogenesis and reduced hippocampal(More)
Pot experiments were performed to investigate the characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the rhizosphere soil of hyperaccumulating ecotype (HE) and a non-hyperaccumulating ecotype (NHE) of Sedum alfredii and its effects on the mobility of zinc (Zn). DOM was fractionated using XAD resins into six fractions. The acid fraction was the predominant(More)
A safe and effective therapy for epilepsy requires a drug delivery system that can penetrate the blood-brain barrier and subsequently release antiepileptic drugs rapidly to suppress neuronal discharges in a timely manner. We have developed electro-responsive hydrogel nanoparticles (ERHNPs) modified with angiopep-2 (ANG) to facilitate the delivery of the(More)
High-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the anterior nucleus of thalamus (ANT) is a new and alternative option for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. However, the responder rate is relatively low. The present study was designed to determine the effect of low-frequency stimulation (LFS) in ANT on chronic spontaneous recurrent seizures and related(More)
Rice allelopathy is implemented through its release of allelochemicals to environment. Many researchers considered that rice allelochemicals were phenolics. The action mechanisms of rice against weeds allelochemicals included the inhibition of seed germination and emergence, the effect on the balance of hormones, the damage on the integrity of cell membrane(More)
By using the relay seeding technique with slight modification, a population of 134 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivar Zhong 156 x Gumei 2 and contained 168 DNA markers covering all 12 chromosomes with 1447.9 cM spans was employed to evaluate the rice allelopathic effect on barnyardgrass(More)
138 rice (Oryza sativa) germplasms were identified to study the allelopathy to barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli), using the relay seeding technique. The results showed that Qingkun 2 from Jiangxi Province, Xiayitiao from Jiangsu Province, Jizaoxian from Anhui Province, Ganzaoxian 37 from Jiangxi Province, Shangnuo 1, IR68465-2-3-2 from IRRI, and(More)