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Auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) proteins are transcriptional regulators that mediate many aspects of plant responses to auxin. While functions of most Aux/IAAs have been defined mainly by gain-of-function mutant alleles in Arabidopsis thaliana, phenotypes associated with loss-of-function mutations have been scarce and subtle. We report here that the(More)
—The H.264/AVC video coding standard aims to enable significantly improved compression performance compared to all existing video coding standards. In order to achieve this, a robust rate-distortion optimization (RDO) technique is employed to select the best coding mode and reference frame for each macroblock. As a result, the complexity and computation(More)
In a typical processing chain of image enhancement, an exposure fusion scheme can be used to synthesize a more detailed low dynamic range (LDR) image directly from a set of differently exposed LDR images, without generation of an intermediate high dynamic range image. In this brief, we introduce a new quadratic optimization-based method to extract fine(More)
This paper presents a rate control scheme for H.264 by introducing the concept of basic unit and a linear prediction model. The basic unit can be a macroblock (MB), a slice, or a frame. It can be used to obtain a trade-off between the overall coding efficiency and the bits fluctuation. The linear model is used to solve the chicken and egg dilemma existing(More)