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Ghrelin has been identified as the endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Recent studies have shown that site-specific injection of ghrelin directly into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC) of rats is equally as sensitive in its orexigenic response to ghrelin as the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). It is as yet unclear(More)
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) with potent stimulatory effects on food intake. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ghrelin on neuronal activity of hypothalamic glucose responding neurons. Single unit discharges in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the ventromedial(More)
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered metabolic peptide hormone that decreases food intake after lateral, third, or fourth brain ventricle; cisterna magna; or paraventricular nucleus (PVN) injection in ad libitum fed rats. Additional micro-injection studies will improve the understanding of how nesfatin-1 acts on the brain and define specific nuclei(More)
The novel satiety factor nesfatin-1 has been shown to decrease food intake and body weight in rodents after i.c.v. injection. However, no further developments regarding the true patho-physiological relevance of nesfatin-1 in obesity and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1 DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM) have been reported. A recent study by Stengel et al.(More)
Nesfatin-1 is an anorexigenic peptide involved in energy homeostasis. Recently, nesfatin-1 was reported to decrease blood glucose level and improve insulin sensitivity in high-fat diet-fed rats. However, little information is known about the influence of nesfatin-1 on lipid metabolism either in physiological or diabetic condition. This study undertook(More)
The effects of administration of motilin into the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) on gastric antrum motility in conscious rats and on gastric distention (GD) sensitive neurons in dorsal vagal complex (DVC) in anesthetized rats were studied. Microinjection of motilin (0.37 nmol/0.5 microl) into the LHA increased the gastric antrum motility index by 76.29 +/-(More)
Effects of toxins III and IV (ATX III and IV) from the sea anemoneAnemonia sulcata on the Na current of crayfish giant axons were studied. Both toxins slowed the inactivation of Na channels, producing a maintained Na current during a depolarizing voltage pulse. Using the intensity of the toxin-induced maintained current as an index for the fraction of Na(More)
In this study, the expressions of growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHS-R1a) in the rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and nodose ganglion (NG) were investigated by using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The results clearly showed the presence of GHS-R1a mRNA and GHS-R1a-positive neurons in the rat DRG and NG. GHS-R1a was also(More)
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered neuropeptide that has been shown to decrease food intake after lateral, third, or fourth brain ventricle, cisterna magna administration, or PVN injection in ad libitum fed rats. With regards to the understanding of nesfatin-1 brain sites of action, additional microinjection studies will be necessary to define specific(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor, stimulates feeding and increases body weight. The primary action site of ghrelin has been reported to be the neuropeptide Y (NPY)/agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). In addition to the hypothalamus, the caudal brainstem also appears(More)