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Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a central cytoplasmic transcription factor. Abnormal activation of STAT3 plays a critical role in oncogenesis and has been found frequently in a wide variety of human tumors including pancreatic cancer. In this study, we elucidated the significance of the STAT3 signaling pathway on metastatic(More)
Nanoparticle-assisted polymerase chain reaction (nanoPCR) is a novel method for the rapid amplification of DNA and has been adopted for the detection of virus because of its simplicity, rapidity, and specificity. A nanoPCR assay was developed to detect and differentiate wild-type and gene-deleted pseudorabies virus (PRV). Three pairs of primers for nanoPCR(More)
The prevalence of porcine teschovirus (PTV) in swine herds in northeast China was investigated. In 2008-2009, 1384 samples of pig sera were collected from 42 farms in Shandong, Hebei, Heilongjiang, and Jilin provinces and in Tianjin City and were tested for specific antibody against PTV-8 by immunofluorescence assay. All 42 pig herds were positive for(More)
The integrity of the vascular wall and its intrinsic basement membrane structures ensure that plasma and the corpuscular elements of the blood remain confined to the intravascular milieu and can enter into the extravascular compartment in a well controlled fashion in cases of tissue infection or inflammation. However, sometimes inflammatory stimuli act on(More)
Endotoxin shock is a life-threatening disorder, associated with the rapid release of neutrophil enzymes, including neutrophil collagenase/matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) and gelatinase B/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). After activation, these enzymes cleave extracellular matrix components and cytokines and thus may contribute to shock syndrome(More)
AIMS Transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) plays an important role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of STAT3 knockdown in nude mouse xenografts of pancreatic cancer cells and underlying gene expression. METHODS A STAT3 shRNA lentiviral vector was constructed and infected into(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine, produced only by activated lymphocytes, but with a broad cellular host range. The effects of IL-17 on fibroblasts were investigated by analysis of the induction of chemokine and matrix metalloprotease (MMP) mRNA levels by RT-PCR. IL-17 stimulated CC chemokine (monocyte chemotactic protein-1; MCP-1/JE)(More)
INTRODUCTION Akt, a serine/threonine protein kinase, mediates growth factor-associated cell survival. In several human cancers, including pancreatic cancer, constitutive activation of Akt (phosphorylated Akt, p-Akt) has been observed and may be associated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy resistance. However, there are contradictory viewpoints in p-Akt in(More)
Previous applications of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors in cancer treatment have resulted in disappointing outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to develop more active or better targeted MMP inhibitors. In this study, Inhibitor2, a heptapeptide MMP inhibitor, was connected to the N-terminus or C-terminus of ES-2, an 11-amino-acid antiangiogenic(More)
Gelatinase B/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a regulatory and effector metalloproteinase in inflammation. TNF-α is an important proinflammatory cytokine and is released by the action of a Zn(2+)-containing converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM-17). Both metallo-enzymes play important roles during the development of shock syndromes. Combinatorial chemical(More)