Zheng-hao Xu

Learn More
Brain stimulation with low-frequency stimulation (LFS) is emerging as an alternative treatment for refractory epilepsy. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of LFS targeting the hippocampal CA3 subfield in different modes on amygdala-kindled seizures in Sprague-Dawley rats. When fully kindled seizures were achieved by daily electrical(More)
Low-frequency stimulation (LFS) has been considered as an option for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. However, previous data showed that LFS of certain brain regions only exerts its effect within a very narrow therapeutic time window, which lasts from seconds to tens of seconds, thus restricting its clinical application. The present study was designed(More)
The finding that eukaryotic lanthionine synthetase C-like protein 1 (LanCL1) is a glutathione-binding protein prompted us to investigate the potential relationship between LanCL1 and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS). CBS is a trans-sulfuration enzyme critical for the reduced glutathione (GSH) synthesis and GSH-dependent defense against oxidative stress. In(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether low-frequency stimulation (LFS) of the entorhinal cortex(EC) has an anticonvulsive effect, and whether LFS delivered at different times plays different roles. We found that LFS of the EC immediately or 4 s after kindling stimulation had an anticonvulsive effect, and that the latter had a better effect on(More)
The flower of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat (CM) is an established part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Luteolin and apigenin flavonoids are the effective components of the CM extract (CME); however, they exist in the orally consumed CME as glycosides. The present study was carried out to determine the relative contribution of the small and large(More)
Dysfunction of fast-spiking, parvalbumin-positive (FS-PV) interneurons is implicated in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. ErbB4, a key Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) receptor, is mainly expressed in this type of interneurons, and recent studies suggest that parvalbumin interneurons are a major target of NRG1-ErbB4 signaling in adult brain. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
Low-frequency stimulation (LFS) has been considered as a new option for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. The present study was designed to determine whether LFS of the kindling focus given at different time points after seizures exert different roles on kindling seizures. Our results showed that: (i) In kindling animals, LFS delivered immediately(More)
Reduction of glutamine synthetase (GS) function is closely related to established epilepsy, but little is known regarding its role in epileptogenesis. The present study aimed to elucidate the functional changes of GS in the brain and its involvement in epileptogenesis using the amygdala kindling model of epilepsy induced by daily electrical stimulation of(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of chronic H1-antihistamine treatment on seizure susceptibility after drug withdrawal in nonepileptic rats and to further study its relation to glutamine synthetase (GS), which is the key enzyme for glutamate metabolism and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesis. METHODS After drug withdrawal from a 2-week treatment with(More)
AIM To investigate the anti-epileptic effects of deep brain stimulation targeting the external globus palladium (GPe) in rats. METHODS For inducing amygdala kindling and deep brain stimulation, bipolar stainless-steel electrodes were implanted in SD rats into right basolateral amygdala and right GPe, respectively. The effects of deep brain stimulation(More)