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Digestive enzyme activities were analysed in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) from hatching until 60 days after hatching (DAH). Trypsin sharply increased to the climax at 17 DAH and decreased until 31 DAH followed by a stable level thereafter. Amylase was determined at 4 DAH, reached the maximum value at 19 DAH and declined sharply to 39 DAH and remained at a(More)
Mounting evidence supports the involvement of brain inflammation and the associated blood–brain barrier damage from which spontaneous and recurrent seizures originate. Detection of the soluble form of adhesion molecules (AM) has also been proven to predict outcomes in central nervous system (CNS) disorders. A recent study has shown that expression of AM in(More)
Approximately 30 % of epilepsy cases are refractory to current pharmacological treatments. Thus, novel therapeutic approaches that prevent or reverse the molecular and cellular mechanisms of epilepsy are required. 5-HT6 receptor (HTR6) blockade can modulate multiple neurotransmitter systems, and HTR6 may be a potential therapeutic treatment for neurological(More)
DNA methylation is a key epigenetic modification of DNA that is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase (DNMT). Increasing evidence suggests that DNA methylation in neurons regulates synaptic plasticity as well as neuronal network activity. Here, we evaluated DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) and Dnmt3a expression in brain tissues of epileptic patients to explore(More)
Synaptotagmin I is a key synaptic protein involved in both exocytosis and endocytosis. We aimed to investigate Synaptotagmin I expression in the anterior temporal neocortex of epilepsy patients, and to explore the possible role of Synaptotagmin I in refractory epilepsy. In the present study, 30 epilepsy patients were divided into refractory epilepsy and(More)
Dynamin 1 is a neuron-specific guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) that is an essential component of membrane fission during synaptic vesicle recycling and endocytosis. This study evaluated the dynamin 1 expression pattern in the acute lithium-pilocarpine rat model and in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and investigated whether altering the dynamin(More)
A total of 8 participants were tested using magnetoencephalography for investigating the spatial, temporal, and frequency signatures of noun and verb processing in the brain. Visually presented nouns and verbs both activated the occipital, left posterior temporal, and left inferior frontal cortices at a latency range of 106-329 ms in a frequency range of(More)
Synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) involvement has been reported in the animal models of epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SV2A in human intractable epilepsy (IE) brain tissue. Using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blot, we detected SV2A expression in tissue samples from the anterior temporal(More)
Nestin is one kind of intermediate filament protein, which is considered as a typical marker of neural precursor cells. Considerable evidence supports nestin may have actively functions in neurogenesis and gliosis. Our aim was to investigate nestin expression in the temporal neocortex of patients with intractable epilepsy (IE), and then to discuss the(More)
Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (Dscam) is a neural adhesion molecule that plays an essential role in the establishment of neural circuits. Considerable evidence suggests that Dscam is required for axon guidance and dendritic arborization. Our aim was to investigate the expression of Dscam in the temporal lobes of patients with intractable epilepsy(More)