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Matrix attachment regions (MARs) are important in chromatin organization and gene regulation. Although it is known that there are a number of MAR elements in the beta-globin gene cluster, it is unclear that how these MAR elements are involved in regulating beta-globin genes expression. Here, we report the identification of a new MAR element at the LCR(More)
αν and β1 integrins mediate Aβ-induced neurotoxicity in primary hippocampal neurons. We treated hippocampal neurons with 2.5 µg/mL 17E6 and 5 µg/mL ab58524, which are specific αν and β1 integrin antagonists, respectively, for 42 h prior to 10 µM Aβ treatment. Next, we employed small interfering RNA (siRNA) to silence focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare hereditary small vascular disease and its mainly clinical manifestations are ischemic events. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) involvement in patients with CADASIL is extremely uncommon. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old normotensive(More)
The mechanism by which Akt modulates stem cell homeostasis is still incompletely defined. Here we demonstrate that Akt phosphorylates special AT-rich sequences binding protein 1 (SATB1) at serine 47 and protects SATB1 from apoptotic cleavage. Meanwhile, Akt phosphorylates Oct4 at threonine 228 and Klf4 at threonine 399, and accelerates their degradation.(More)
Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) has been implicated as a participant in multiple cellular processes including senescence, apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation. Studies of PML function in hematopoietic differentiation previously focused principally on its myeloid activities and also indicated that PML is involved in erythroid colony formation.(More)
The higher order chromatin structure has recently been revealed as a critical new layer of gene transcriptional control. Changes in higher order chromatin structures were shown to correlate with the availability of transcriptional factors and/or MAR (matrix attachment region) binding proteins, which tether genomic DNA to the nuclear matrix. How(More)
X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) is a pivotal transcription factor and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psychiatric illness. The association between XBP1-116C/G polymorphism and risk of psychiatric illness has been investigated in different populations. However, the results of these studies remain conflicting. Therefore, we performed a(More)
The etiology and pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) are complicated and have not been fully elucidated, but an important association has been identified between inflammation and PD. In this study, we investigated the role of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine rich repeat and pyrin domain-containing (NLRP) 3 inflammasome, consisting(More)
OBJECTIVES Single-target puncture plus catheter insertion into the clot is a routine step in hematoma aspiration and local thrombolysis for spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). However, multiple-target puncture of this procedure may imply faster hematoma reduction for large-area ICH. We retrospectively examined the outcomes after clot aspiration(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that R2* is a sensitive marker for iron deposition. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess iron deposition in Parkinson's disease (PD) using changes of R2* in enhanced T2 star-weighted angiography (ESWAN) and to discuss the value of ESWAN for PD. METHODS Fifty-four primary PD patients and twenty-eight healthy(More)