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Detachment and redistribution are essential stages in the biofilm life cycle; however they are the least studied, especially in the presence of disinfectant. In this study, three Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains (wild-type, alginate-deficient mutant, and alginate-overproducing mutant) were used to cultivate three single strain biofilms in flowcell systems.(More)
The effects of inhibition of mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) respiratory pathway on photosynthetic apparatus in Rumex K-1 leaves were studied. Under high irradiance, the inhibition of AOX pathway caused over-reduction of photosystem (PS) 2 acceptor side, a decrease in the energy transfer in the PS 2 units, damage of donor side of PS 2 and decrease(More)
Matrix attachment regions (MARs) are important in chromatin organization and gene regulation. Although it is known that there are a number of MAR elements in the beta-globin gene cluster, it is unclear that how these MAR elements are involved in regulating beta-globin genes expression. Here, we report the identification of a new MAR element at the LCR(More)
The reactivity of capsular extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) to chlorine and monochloramine was assessed and compared in this study. The impact of capsular EPS on Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa inactivation mechanisms was investigated both qualitatively and quantitatively using a combination of batch experiments, viability tests with(More)
The c-Myc oncoprotein plays critical roles in multiple biological processes by controlling cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and metabolism. Especially, c-Myc is frequently overexpressed in many human cancers and widely involved in tumorigenesis. However, how the post-translational modifications, especially acetylation of c-Myc, contribute to(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary emphysema is characterized by loss of alveolar structures. We have found that bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation ameliorates papain-induced pulmonary emphysema. However, the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. It has been shown that blocking the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling(More)
In this study, multiple roles of biofilm EPS were assessed with respect to the resistance of biofilm and detached biofilm clusters to chlorine disinfection. Strains from an opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (wild type, EPS- and EPS+) with altered extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) secretion capabilities were tested. The impact of biofilm(More)
The etiology and pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) are complicated and have not been fully elucidated, but an important association has been identified between inflammation and PD. In this study, we investigated the role of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine rich repeat and pyrin domain-containing (NLRP) 3 inflammasome, consisting(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Human brain arteriovenous malformation tissue displays increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as well as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, a tissue protease associated with various intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We hypothesized that increased MMP-9 was associated with ICH induced by vascular endothelial growth(More)
RATIONALE Activation of type 2 cytokine pathways plays a central role in a large subset of subjects with asthma. Th2-high and Th2-low asthma have distinct clinical, pathologic, and molecular phenotypes and respond differently to therapy. The factors that initiate type 2 responses in some subjects with asthma are unknown. OBJECTIVES To determine whether(More)