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Digestive enzyme activities were analysed in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) from hatching until 60 days after hatching (DAH). Trypsin sharply increased to the climax at 17 DAH and decreased until 31 DAH followed by a stable level thereafter. Amylase was determined at 4 DAH, reached the maximum value at 19 DAH and declined sharply to 39 DAH and remained at a(More)
—A measurement of head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) with high spatial resolution was carried out in this study. HRTF measurement is difficult in the proximal region because of the lack of an appropriate acoustic point source. In this paper, a modified spark gap was used as the acoustic sound source. Our evaluation experiments showed that the spark gap(More)
Proteomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and controls was carried out using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Five protein spots showed significant differential expression (p<0.05): vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) was(More)
AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3,000 mg daily levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra) as an adjunctive therapy for Chinese patients with refractory partial seizures. METHODS This randomized, placebo-controlled trial consisted of an 8-week baseline period followed by a 4-week titration interval and a 12-week maintenance period, and concluded with a 4-week(More)
DNA methylation is a key epigenetic modification of DNA that is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase (DNMT). Increasing evidence suggests that DNA methylation in neurons regulates synaptic plasticity as well as neuronal network activity. Here, we evaluated DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) and Dnmt3a expression in brain tissues of epileptic patients to explore(More)
Mounting evidence supports the involvement of brain inflammation and the associated blood–brain barrier damage from which spontaneous and recurrent seizures originate. Detection of the soluble form of adhesion molecules (AM) has also been proven to predict outcomes in central nervous system (CNS) disorders. A recent study has shown that expression of AM in(More)
Gephyrin, which is a postsynaptic scaffolding protein participated in clustering GABA(A) receptors at inhibitory synapses, has been reported to be involved in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) recently. Here, we investigate gephyrin protein expression in the temporal lobe epileptic foci in epileptic patients and experimental animals in order to explore the(More)
Approximately 30 % of epilepsy cases are refractory to current pharmacological treatments. Thus, novel therapeutic approaches that prevent or reverse the molecular and cellular mechanisms of epilepsy are required. 5-HT6 receptor (HTR6) blockade can modulate multiple neurotransmitter systems, and HTR6 may be a potential therapeutic treatment for neurological(More)
PURPOSE In epilepsy, many studies were focus on apoE gene polymorphism and found APOE epsilon4 to be associated with earlier onset of temporal lobe epilepsy. There is not any study about apoE in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of epileptic patients, so we detect the CSF-apoE and determine whether it is changed after seizure. METHODS A total of 60 epileptic(More)
Synaptotagmin I is a key synaptic protein involved in both exocytosis and endocytosis. We aimed to investigate Synaptotagmin I expression in the anterior temporal neocortex of epilepsy patients, and to explore the possible role of Synaptotagmin I in refractory epilepsy. In the present study, 30 epilepsy patients were divided into refractory epilepsy and(More)