Zheng-Sheng Yao

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Hepatocytes obtained from rats fed a choline-deficient diet for 3 days were cultured in a medium +/- choline (100 microM) or methionine (200 microM). We investigated how choline deficiency affected hepatic lipogenesis, apolipoprotein synthesis, and lipoprotein secretion. The mass of triacylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine secreted was increased about 3-fold(More)
We have analyzed plasma lipoprotein levels in young male rats fed a choline-deficient diet for 3 days. We confirmed previous studies that choline deficiency promotes 6.5-fold accumulation of triacyglycerol in the liver (23.9 +/- 6.0 versus 3.69 +/- 0.92 mumol/g liver) and reduction of triacylglycerol concentration in plasma by 60% (0.17 +/- 0.04 versus 0.46(More)
We examined the relationship between the size of human apolipoprotein (apo) B and the formation and secretion of apoB-containing lipoprotein particles. Stable transformants of the rat hepatoma cell line McA-RH7777 harboring a variety of human apoB cDNA constructs were established, and these produced carboxyl-terminally truncated apoB proteins (apoB18, -B23,(More)
We have demonstrated that hepatic very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion requires active phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis via either the CDP-choline pathway or phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) methylation pathway (Yao, Z., and Vance, D.E. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2998-3004). In the present work, the head group specificity of phospholipid synthesis(More)
We have designed an in vitro expression system for human apolipoprotein (apo) B. A full-length human apoB minigene was constructed from cDNA and genomic apoB clones and inserted into a vector where its expression was directed by the cytomegalovirus promoter. The apoB minigene was expressed in a rat hepatoma cell line, McA-RH7777. Human apoB100, which is the(More)
Decreased phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis inhibits the secretion of very low density lipoproteins from hepatocytes (Yao, Z. and D. E. Vance. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263: 2998-3004). We have now investigated whether or not phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis is required for secretion of carboxyl-truncated apoBs 15, 18, 23, 28, and 37 from transfected McArdle(More)
It has previously been reported that almost all of the trivalent technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc (III) DMSA) present in the labelling product of pentavalent technetium-99m DMSA (99mTc (V) DMSA) can be changed into99mTc (V) DMSA by bubbling with pure oxygen. We therefore performed studies in animals (mice) and humans to investigate the effect(More)
The activity of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) N-methyltransferase in liver microsomes, measured using endogenous microsomal PE as a substrate, was elevated 2-fold in the choline-deficient state. However, methyltransferase activity assayed in the presence of a saturating concentration of phosphatidyl-N-mono-methylethanolamine or microsomal PE was unchanged(More)
Rat hepatoma McA-RH7777 cell lines transfected with full-length human apolipoprotein (apo) B constructs produce mostly human apoB48 and only small amounts of apoB100, as a result of mRNA editing at codon 2153 (C to U conversion at nucleotide 6666). To abolish the formation of apoB48 and increase the yield of apoB100 and other forms of apoB longer than(More)
The metabolism of lysophosphatidylcholine was studied in cultured rat hepatocytes deficient in choline and methionine. Even though the cells were defective in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, the albumin-stimulated release of lysophosphatidylcholine (1.9 nmol/h per mg of cellular protein) was similar to that in hepatocytes supplemented with choline.(More)
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