Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane and the vacuolar membrane of Arabidopsis thaliana have been studied at the single-channel level using the patch-clamp technique. The Ca2+ channel in the plasma membrane opened for extracellular Ca2+ influx. The Ca2+ channel in the vacuolar membrane opened for cytoplasmic Ca2+ influx.
Mammalian innate and acquired immune responses involve a coordinated, sequential, and self limiting sequence of events controlled by positive and negative regulatory mechanism. MicroRNAs have been implicated as a negative regulator for diverse biological events including immune responses. However, the involvement of miRNAs in regulating the immune responses… (More)
Histologic grade is one of the most important microscopic features used to predict the prognosis of invasive breast cancer and may serve as a marker for studying cancer driving genomic abnormalities in vivo. We analyzed whole genome sequencing data from 680 cases of TCGA invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast and correlated them to corresponding pathology… (More)
The toxicity of four volatile fatty acids (VFAs) as anaerobic digestion (AD) intermediates was investigated at pH 7. Photobacterium phosphoreum T3 was used as an indicator organism. Binary, ternary and mixtures of AD intermediates were designated by letters A (acetic acid + propionic acid), B (acetic acid + butyric acid), C (acetic acid + ethanol), D… (More)
BACKGROUND Genetics and genomics have radically altered our understanding of breast cancer progression. However, the genomic basis of various histopathologic features of breast cancer is not yet well-defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) is an international database containing a large collection of human cancer genome sequencing… (More)