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The serine/threonine phosphatase protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) plays an essential role in many aspects of cellular functions and has been shown to be an important tumor suppressor. The core enzyme of PP2A comprises a 65 kDa scaffolding subunit and a 36 kDa catalytic subunit. Here we report the crystal structures of the PP2A core enzyme bound to two of its(More)
Protein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A) plays an essential role in many aspects of cellular physiology. The PP2A holoenzyme consists of a heterodimeric core enzyme, which comprises a scaffolding subunit and a catalytic subunit, and a variable regulatory subunit. Here we report the crystal structure of the heterotrimeric PP2A holoenzyme involving the regulatory(More)
Spatial distribution of chlorinated hydrocarbons [chlorinated pesticides (CPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)] and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was measured in riverine and estuarine sediment samples from Pearl River Delta, China, collected in 1997. Concentrations of CPs of the riverine sediment samples range from 12 to 158 ng/g, dry(More)
The small t antigen (ST) of DNA tumor virus SV40 facilitates cellular transformation by disrupting the functions of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) through a poorly defined mechanism. The crystal structure of the core domain of SV40 ST bound to the scaffolding subunit of human PP2A reveals that the ST core domain has a novel zinc-binding fold and interacts(More)
PURPOSE To report a case in which silicone oil in the eye migrated into the cerebral ventricles and the subarachnoid space. DESIGN Observational case report. METHODS A 62-year-old woman presented with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and tractive retinal detachment in her left eye. Par plana vitrectomy and injection of 5,000-centistoke-viscosity(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for latent tuberculosis (TB) is mandatory in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) before starting anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy. Data on the utility of screening tests in populations with moderate background risk of TB are limited. This study aims to evaluate the performance of interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) with QuantiFERON-TB(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To quantitatively assess daytime autonomic cardiovascular control in pediatric subjects with and without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). DESIGN Respiration, R-R intervals, and noninvasive continuous blood pressure were monitored in awake subjects in the supine and standing postures, as well as during cold face stimulation. (More)
We present here evidence that redox-dependent thiol-disulfide exchange can provide a mechanism regulating the conformation and activity of the human heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1). Diamide and dithiothreitol were reagents used respectively to promote and reverse disulfide cross-link, and the resolution and detection of redox conformers of HSF1(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder which is characterized by abdominal pain and disturbed bowel habits. The pathophysiological mechanism is complex and still remains incompletely clear. Alterations at both the central and the peripheral level are thought to contribute to the symptoms of IBS, including psychosocial(More)
Phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activator (PTPA), also known as PP2A phosphatase activator, is a conserved protein from yeast to human. Here we report the 1.9 A crystal structure of human PTPA, which reveals a previously unreported fold consisting of three subdomains: core, lid, and linker. Structural analysis uncovers a highly conserved surface patch, which(More)