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Studies by several investigators have shown that 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is an extraordinarily potent stimulator of differentiation of cultured human promyelocytic leukemia cells in vitro. In the present study, TPA was administered to humans by i.v. infusion without irreversible toxicity, and it was shown to have pharmacological activity(More)
The paper reported a reliable analytical method for simultaneous determination of ochratoxin A (OTA) and ochratoxin B (OTB) in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). The development of the method and investigations on the matrix influence were described in particular. The(More)
A reliable ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2, M1 and M2 in peanuts and their derivative products was developed. The sample was extracted by 84% of acetonitrile aqueous solution and the extract was purified by a reliable solid phase(More)
A reliable isotope dilution method for simultaneous determination of fumonisin B1, fumonisin B2 and fumonisin B3 in traditional Chinese medicines by ultra-high-performance LC-MS/MS was developed, and a special focus was placed on the optimization of extraction, cleanup, ultra-high-performance LC separation and MS/MS conditions. Homogenized samples were(More)
PURPOSE Phorbol esters are capable of inducing a broad range of cellular effects,including the maturation/differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines (E. Huberman and M. F. Callaham, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 76: 1293-1297, 1979; J. Lotem and L. Sachs, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 76: 5158-5162, 1979; G. Rovera et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 76:(More)
Fifty-two patients with solid tumors had depressed white blood cell and neutrophil counts because of prior treatment with cytotoxic cancer chemotherapeutic drugs. These patients were given one or more i.v. infusions of 0.125-0.25 mg of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), and this treatment increased the low white blood cell and neutrophil counts(More)
The effects of topically applied 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on the level of ascorbic acid in the epidermis and the effects of topically applied ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate (a synthetic lipophilic derivative of ascorbic acid), palmitic acid and sorbitan monopalmitate on TPA-induced epidermal ornithine decarboxylase activity, epidermal(More)
A combinatorial platform of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and liquid chromatography coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOF-MS) has been developed to investigate the in vivo kinetics and biotransformation of ochratoxin A (OTA) in rats. The stable isotope dilution LC-MS/MS method was first validated by determining(More)
Humans are naturally and frequently exposed to a multitude of mycotoxins, but health risk assessments are usually performed on individual mycotoxins, which may underestimate the total risks. In this study, we assessed for the first time the cumulative health risks of concomitant exposure via dietary intake (DI) to multiple mycotoxins, namely deoxynivalenol(More)
The Hofstadter energy spectrum provides a uniquely tunable system to study emergent topological order in the regime of strong interactions. Previous experiments, however, have been limited to low Bloch band fillings where only the Landau level index plays a role. We report measurements of high-mobility graphene superlattices where the complete unit cell of(More)