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BACKGROUND MiR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222) are frequently up-regulated in various types of human malignancy including glioblastoma. Recent studies have reported that miR-221/222 regulate cell growth and cell cycle progression by targeting p27 and p57. However the underlying mechanism involved in cell survival modulation of miR-221/222 remains elusive. (More)
MiR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222), upregulated in gliomas, can regulate glioma cell cycle progression and apoptosis, respectively. However, the association of miR-221/222 with glioma cell invasion and survival remains unknown. Invasion capability of miR-221/222 was detected by mutiple analyses, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transwell, wound(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is amplified in 40% of human glioblastomas. However, most glioblastoma patients respond poorly to anti-EGFR therapy. MicroRNAs can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes, and have been shown to play an important role in cancer cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis. Whether microRNAs can impact the(More)
Identification of molecular pathways that are essential for cancer cell survival is vital for understanding the underlying biology, as well as to design effective cancer therapeutics. β-catenin, a multifunctional oncogenic protein, participates in cell development. Its multifaceted functions primarily lie to the subcellular distribution. The present study(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) containing foci that resemble oligodendroglioma are defined as GBM with oligodendroglioma component (GBMO). However, whether GBMO is a distinct clinicopathological variant of GBM or merely represents a divergent pattern of differentiation remains controversial. We investigated 219 consecutive primary GBMs, of which 40 (18.3%) were(More)
Aberrant microRNA expression has been implicated in the development of human cancers. Here, we investigated the oncogenic significance and function of miR-23b in glioma. We identified that the expression of miR-23b was elevated in both glioma samples and glioma cells, indicated by real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses. Down-regulation of miR-23b(More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as a major class of regulatory molecules involved in a broad range of biological processes and complex diseases. Our aim was to identify important lncRNAs that might play an important role in contributing to glioblastoma (GBM) pathogenesis by conducting lncRNA and(More)
Aberrant expression of the microRNA-200 (miR-200) family has been linked to the occurrence and development of various types of malignant tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), colon cancer and breast cancer. However, little is known about the precise mechanism by which miR-200 expression is downregulated. The intricate relationship between DNA(More)
Notch pathway plays critical role in stem cell maintenance and angiogenesis, as well as cell fate decisions of cancer. However, concrete mechanisms of notch pathway regulation in glioma were not well known, especially mediated by microRNAs. In this study, we identified a brain-specific miRNA, miR-524-5p, which was associated with the pathological grade and(More)
The introduction of temozolomide (TMZ) has advanced chemotherapy for malignant gliomas. However, a considerable number of glioblastoma (GBM) cases are refractory to TMZ. Previous studies have revealed that the PI3K/Akt pathway is activated in an ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related-dependent manner in response to TMZ. Thus, we hypothesized that PI3K(More)