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A safe and efficient quaternary gene delivery system (named Q-complexes) was constructed based on self-assembly of molecules through noncovalent bonds. This system was formulated through the cooperation and competing interactions of cationic liposomes, multifunctional peptides, and DNA, followed by coating hyaluronic acid on the surface of the ternary(More)
Cysteine proteases play important roles in intracellular protein degradation, programmed cell death and responses to environmental stimuli in plant. Although subclassification and biochemical analysis of major plant papain-like cysteine proteases (PLCPs) have been studied, the biological function of many PLCPs remained unknown. In this study, we identified(More)
In this paper, a novel stellar spectral classification technique is proposed. Which is composed of the following two steps: In the first step, Kalman ill-ter is adopted to conduct de-noising process. At the same time, Kalman filter is also used for optimal lea-ture extraction. The second step, radial basis function neural network is employed for the final(More)
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