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A null mutation was introduced into the mouse desmin gene by homologous recombination. The desmin knockout mice (Des -/-) develop normally and are fertile. However, defects were observed after birth in skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscles (Li, Z., E. Colucci-Guyon, M. Pincon-Raymond, M. Mericskay, S. Pournin, D. Paulin, and C. Babinet. 1996. Dev. Biol.(More)
BACKGROUND Intermediate filaments (IFs) are major components of the mammalian cytoskeleton and expressed in cell-type-specific patterns. Morphological changes during cell differentiation are linked to IF network remodeling. However, little is known concerning the presence and the role of IFs in embryonic stem (ES) cells and during their differentiation. (More)
Desmin, the muscle-specific intermediate filament, is involved in myofibrillar myopathies, dilated cardiomyopathy and muscle wasting. Desmin is the target of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) such as phosphorylation, ADP-ribosylation and ubiquitylation as well as nonenzymatic modifications such as glycation, oxidation and nitration. Several PTM target(More)
Recent studies strengthen the belief that physical activity as a behavior has a genetic basis. Screening wheel-running behavior in inbred mouse strains highlighted differences among strains, showing that even very limited genetic differences deeply affect mouse behavior. We extended this observation to substrains of the same inbred mouse strain, that is,(More)
The synemin gene encodes proteins belonging to the intermediate filament family. These proteins confer resistance to mechanical stress and modulate cell shape. Three synemin isoforms, of 180 (H), 150 (M) and 41 (L) kDa, are produced by alternative splicing of the pre-mRNA and are regulated differently during development. The three isoforms differ in their(More)
The intermediate filament (IF) synemin gene encodes three IF proteins (H 180, M 150, L 41 kDa isoforms) with overlapping distributions. In the present study we analysed the mRNA and protein expression of each isoform in developing mouse embryos. Synemin M mRNA was present as early as E5 with vimentin and nestin. Synemin H was found later at E9 in the(More)
Synemin (Syn) is an intermediate filament (IF) protein. To gain insight into a morphogenetic role of Syn, we have studied its expression patterns in the developing human retina and lens and compared it with those of other IF proteins. In addition, we have tested Syn expression in fetuses (23 and 28 weeks) affected by Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), Meckel(More)
The microwave has been widely used in the field of biology with the development of microwave technology. Previous studies suggest that suitable doses of microwave irradiation improved plant metabolism and enzymatic activities under cadmium stress and enhanced cadmium tolerance in wheat seedlings. The objective of this study was to test whether nitric oxide(More)
The mechanisms regulating the intermediate filament (IF) protein assembly are complex and not yet fully understood. All vertebrate cytoplasmic IF proteins have a central alpha-helical rod domain flanked by variable head and tail domains. The IF protein synemin cannot homopolymerize to form filament networks; it needs an appropriate copolymerization partner.(More)
Nestin, an intermediate filament protein, is a key regulator of various extracellular proteins that play important roles in cell growth and differentiation. In recent years, nestin has been widely accepted as a molecular marker for neural stem/progenitor cells. However, its function during embryogenesis remains largely unknown since its depletion is lethal(More)