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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. An increasing body of evidence demonstrates that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a free radical scavenger, and may attenuate this pathophysiologic response and reduce the incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The preventive effect of magnesium on POAF is not well known. This meta-analysis was undertaken to assess the efficacy of intravenous magnesium on the prevention of POAF after CABG. METHODS Eligible studies were identified from(More)
BACKGROUND Some authors have studied the relationship between the presence of polyps, adenomas and cancers of upper gastrointestinal tract (stomach and duodenum) and risk of colorectal polyps and neoplasms; however, the results are controversial, which may be due to study sample size, populations, design, clinical features, and so on. No meta-analysis,(More)
Renal cell carcinoma is among the leading causes of cancer-related death and was found to induce IL-10. We started by focusing on IL-10-secreting cells in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in renal cell carcinoma patients and observed that both CD3+ T cells and CD19+ B cells contributed to an elevated IL-10 expression. We then focused on IL-10-expressing B(More)
BACKGROUND Activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, which has been shown to participate in the pathobiology of numerous cancers. However, the role of ATF2 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains unclear. METHODS ATF2 knockdown and overexpression studies were performed in RCC cells to evaluate changes in cell(More)
BACKGROUND Several observational studies have suggested an association between cigarette smoking and risk of hip fracture. However, no formal systematic review or meta-analysis was performed to summarize this risk in men. MATERIALS AND METHODS A search was applied to MEDLINE, EMBASE, and web of science (up to November 1 2016). All prospective cohort(More)
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