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HrpN, a protein produced by the plant pathogenic bacterium Erwinia amylovora, has been shown to stimulate plant growth and resistance to pathogens and insects. Here we report that HrpN activates abscisic acid (ABA) signalling to induce drought tolerance (DT) in Arabidopsis thaliana L. plants grown with water stress. Spraying wild-type plants with(More)
We have observed experimentally that the thermal conductance of a 2.76-microm-long individual suspended single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) was very close to the calculated ballistic thermal conductance of a 1-nm-diameter SWCNT without showing signatures of phonon-phonon Umklapp scattering for temperatures between 110 and 300 K. Although the observed(More)
Two gastropod species (Rapana venosa and Neverita didyma) and three bivalve species (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea talienwhanensis and Ruditapes philippinarum) were collected from eight sites along the coastline of the Chinese Bohai Sea for the investigation of heavy metal contaminations. Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn were analyzed by using pressure(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE T16A(inh) -A01 is a recently identified inhibitor of the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of T16A(inh) -A01 for inhibition of calcium-activated chloride channels in vascular smooth muscle and consequent effects on vascular tone. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Single channel and whole(More)
Cell-released microvesicles (MVs) represent a novel way of cell-to-cell communication. Previous evidence indicates that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)-derived MVs can modulate endothelial cell survival and proliferation. In this study, we evaluated whether EPC-MVs protect cardiomyocytes (CMs) against angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertrophy and(More)
TMEM16A (ANO1) is a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) expressed in secretory epithelia, smooth muscle, and other tissues. Cell-based functional screening of ∼110,000 compounds revealed compounds that activated TMEM16A CaCC conductance without increasing cytoplasmic Ca(2+). By patch-clamp, N-aroylaminothiazole "activators" (E(act)) strongly increased(More)
Nanog gene plays a key role in maintaining pluripotency of ES cells and early embryonic cells. A 5' flank sequence of the Nanog gene has been reported to be regulated differentially, and two regulatory elements within the Nanog promoter, namely Oct-4 and Sox-2 binding sites, have been identified to regulate the transcriptional activity of Nanog gene. In(More)
BACKGROUND Ion channels play important roles in regulation of cellular proliferation. Ano1 (TMEM16A) is a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel expressed in several tumors and cell types. In the muscle layers of the gastrointestinal tract Ano1 is selectively expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and appears to be required for normal gastrointestinal slow(More)
Nanog protein is expressed in the interior cells of compacted morulae and maintained till epiblasts but downregulated by implantation stage. It is also expressed in embryonic stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells and embryonic germ cells but disappeared in differentiated ES cells. In this study, we have isolated, sequenced, and performed the first(More)