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Tandem-repetitive minisatellite regions in vertebrate DNA frequently show substantial allelic variation in the number of repeat units. This variation is thought to arise through processes such as unequal crossover or replication slippage. We show here that the spontaneous mutation rate to new length alleles at extremely variable human minisatellites is(More)
Five of the most variable loci detected in human DNA by hybridization with DNA fingerprint probes have been cloned and characterized. Each locus consists of a tandem-repetitive minisatellite, with repeat units ranging in length from 9 to 45 base pairs depending on the locus. All of these cloned minisatellites act as locus-specific hybridization probes, and(More)
Six of the human minisatellites detected by DNA fingerprint probes have been localized by in situ hybridization to human metaphase chromosomes. These hypervariable loci are not dispersed at random in the human genome, but show preferential, though not exclusive, localization to terminal G-bands of human autosomes. Two of the proterminal minisatellites are(More)
Recent studies have identified normal cellular DNA sequences which are lost in the development of embryonal and adult tumours. These tumours are thought to arise after a primary mutation in one allele of such a sequence is followed by loss of its normal homologue. In familial cases, the primary mutation is transmitted in the germ line. The secondary(More)
We present DNA sequences flanking cloned hypervariable human minisatellites. In addition to providing confirmatory evidence that minisatellites cluster with other tandem repeats, these flanking sequences contain a high frequency of interspersed repetitive elements. These elements include a retroviral LTR-like sequence, from which one of the minisatellites(More)
A large hypervariable DNA fragment from a human DNA fingerprint was purified by preparative gel electrophoresis and molecular cloning. The cloned fragment contained a 6.3 kb long minisatellite consisting of multiple copies of a 37 bp repeat unit. Each repeat contained an 11 bp copy of the "core" sequences, a putative recombination signal in human DNA. The(More)
A cloned minisatellite, termed lambda MS29, that is unusual because it detects two variable loci in human DNA has been isolated. One locus, DNF21S1, located in the terminal region of the short arm of human chromosome 6, is also present in great apes. The second minisatellite locus, DNF21S2, is located interstitially on chromosome 16p11 and is absent both(More)
The genotoxic potential of acephate technical (AT) in vitro and in vivo has been studied in bioassays detecting primary DNA damage, chromosomal alterations, and gene mutation. Results from in vitro assays have ranged from negative to weakly positive; AT is apparently a direct-acting agent in these tests. However, expressed in terms of molar potency, AT has(More)
Linkage analysis has been undertaken in two British and three South African Indian families with Von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis. Eleven polymorphic DNA probes were studied, including both random DNA sequences and candidate oncogenes. Although no evidence for linkage of these probes to the disease was detected, substantial exclusion regions were(More)