Zhen Tian

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4D computed tomography (4D-CT) is an important modality in medical imaging due to its ability to resolve patient anatomy motion in each respiratory phase. Conventionally 4D-CT is accomplished by performing the reconstruction for each phase independently as in a CT reconstruction problem. We propose a new 4D-CT reconstruction algorithm that explicitly takes(More)
PURPOSE Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) has been widely used in cancer radiotherapy for accurate target delineation and motion measurement for tumors in the thorax and upper abdomen areas. However, its prolonged scanning duration causes a considerable increase of radiation dose compared to conventional CT, which is a major concern in its(More)
Plasmon induced transparency (PIT) could be realized in metamaterials via interference between different resonance modes. Within the sharp transparency window, the high dispersion of the medium may lead to remarkable slow light phenomena and an enhanced nonlinear effect. However, the transparency mode is normally localized in a narrow frequency band, which(More)
The quantum phenomena of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) or plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (PIT) can be mimicked in the classical resonators, leading to a unique way to explore the coherent coupling mechanism in metamaterial systems. Various metamaterial structures have been proposed to excite and manipulate(More)
ERBB3 binding protein 1 (EBP1) gene transfer into human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cells has been shown to significantly inhibit cell proliferation and reduce tumor metastasis in mouse models. In the current study, to evaluate if EBP1 is a novel biomarker capable of identifying patients at higher risk of disease progression and recurrence, we(More)
Controlling the propagation properties of the terahertz waves in graphene holds great promise in enabling novel technologies for the convergence of electronics and photonics. A diode is a fundamental electronic device that allows the passage of current in just one direction based on the polarity of the applied voltage. With simultaneous optical and(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for >80% of head and neck malignancies. p21, p27 and survivin proteins are abnormally expressed in OSCC and have been previously reported to correlate with cell proliferation and apoptosis. However, the prognostic significance of p21, p27 and survivin remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Coupling between superradiant and subradiant mode resonators in a metamaterial unit cell plays an important role in observing the sharp transparency peak due to destructive interference between the resonators. This effect is enhanced as the resonators are brought closer to each other in a conventional planar arrangement. We present a novel coupling scheme(More)