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ÐThe speed of arithmetic calculations in configurable hardware is limited by carry propagation, even with the dedicated hardware found in recent FPGAs. This paper proposes and evaluates an approach called delayed addition that reduces the carry-propagation bottleneck and improves the performance of arithmetic calculations. Our approach employs the idea used(More)
A computational scheme for fitting smoothing spline ANOVA models to large data sets with a (near) tensor product design is proposed. Such data sets are common in spatial-temporal analyses. The proposed scheme uses the backfitting algorithm to take advantage of the tensor product design to save both computational memory and time. Several ways to further(More)
The major pathogens of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Beijing, China from 2007 to 2009 were identified in this study. A total of 186 HFMD cases were included, and 136 cases (73%) were positive for enterovirus (EV). In 2007, 75% (27/36) were Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) positive and 19% (7/36) were Enterovirus 71 (EV71) positive cases. However, EV71 was(More)
A new method, smoothing spline ANOVA, for combining station records of surface air temperature to get the estimates of regional averages as well as gridpoint values is proposed. This method is closely related to the optimal interpolation (also optimal averaging) method. It may be viewed as a generalization of these methods from spatial interpolation methods(More)
—P2P network is open, anonymous and dynamical in contrast with conventional network. It's full of dishonesty, deceit, selfishness. It's necessary to build a robust security infrastructure system. The one important module of security infrastructure is to identify the users in transactions. This paper will propose an identification solution based on PKI. In(More)