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The mechanisms underlying Zika virus (ZIKV)-related microcephaly and other neurodevelopment defects remain poorly understood. Here, we describe the derivation and characterization, including single-cell RNA-seq, of neocortical and spinal cord neuroepithelial stem (NES) cells to model early human neurodevelopment and ZIKV-related neuropathogenesis. By(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients often have visual disorders which may be due to retinal nerve degenerative changes. The aim of the current study was to determine the thickness changes of retina nerve fibers with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in AD patients. The OCT was used to assess the thickness of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) from 22 AD(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common CNS-demyelinating disease of humans, showing clinical and pathological heterogeneity and a general resistance to therapy. We first discovered that abnormal myelin hypercitrullination, even in normal-appearing white matter, by peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs) correlates strongly with disease severity and might(More)
Demyelination in the central nervous system is the hallmark feature in multiple sclerosis (MS). The mechanism resulting in destabilization of myelin is a complex multi-faceted process, part of which involves deimination of myelin basic protein (MBP). Deimination, the conversion of protein-bound arginine to citrulline, is mediated by the peptidylarginine(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and patients often have visual disorders. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by a memory deficit when compared with those of a similar age and education level which could indicate an earlier onset of AD. The aim of this study is to measure the changes of the retinal nerve(More)
The experiments presented here were based on the conclusions of our previous proteomic analysis. Increasing the availability of glutamate by overexpression of the genes encoding enzymes in the l-ornithine biosynthesis pathway upstream of glutamate and disruption of speE, which encodes spermidine synthase, improved l-ornithine production by Corynebacterium(More)
Water-soluble monodisperse superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanocrystals decorated with two distinct functional groups are prepared in a single-step procedure by injecting iron precursors into a refluxing aqueous solution of a polymer ligand, trithiol-terminated poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA-PTTM), bearing both carboxylate and thiol functionalities. The ratio of(More)
Protein methylation, one of the most important post-translational modifications, typically takes place on arginine or lysine residue. The reversible modification involves a series of basic cellular processes. Identification of methyl proteins with their sites will facilitate the understanding of the molecular mechanism of methylation. Besides the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding small RNAs that regulate gene expression by base pairing with target mRNAs at the 3'-terminal untranslated regions (3'-UTRs), leading to mRNA cleavage or translational repression. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located at miRNA-binding sites (miRNA-binding SNPs) are likely to affect the expression of the(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy is characterized by chronic inflammation and fibrosis. Because retinoids exhibit anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic functions, the effects of low and high doses of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13cRA) were studied in a chronic Fisher344-->Lewis transplantation model. In 13cRA animals, independent of dose (2 or 20(More)