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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate specific target mRNAs at the post-transcriptional level. Plant miRNAs have been implicated in developmental processes and adaptations to environmental stresses. Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential heavy metal that is highly toxic to plants. To investigate the responsive functions(More)
BACKGROUND The reported prevalence and incidence rates of PD were significantly lower in China than those in Western countries. People in China and Taiwan have a similar ethnic background. OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence, incidence, and mortality rate of PD in Taiwan. METHOD The authors conducted a population-based survey using a two-stage(More)
As one of the most important reversible protein post-translation modifications, ubiquitination has been reported to be involved in lots of biological processes and closely implicated with various diseases. To fully decipher the molecular mechanisms of ubiquitination-related biological processes, an initial but crucial step is the recognition of(More)
Integral membrane proteins constitute 25-30% of genomes and play crucial roles in many biological processes. However, less than 1% of membrane protein structures are in the Protein Data Bank. In this context, it is important to develop reliable computational methods for predicting the structures of membrane proteins. Here, we present the first application(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggesting that persistent environmental pollutants may be reproductive toxicants underscores the need for prospective studies of couples for whom exposures are measured. OBJECTIVES We examined the relationship between selected persistent pollutants and couple fecundity as measured by time to pregnancy. METHODS A cohort of 501(More)
—In this letter, we enhance the general shuffle-exchange network (GSEN) with bi-directional links. For bidirec-tional links, the bidirectional GSEN can be divided into two dependent networks, forward network and backward network. Based on the idea of inversely using the forward tag, we propose a tag-based routing algorithm for the backward network, so as to(More)
In this paper a simple but efficient real-time detecting algorithm is proposed for tracking community structure of dynamic networks. Community structure is intuitively characterized as divisions of network nodes into subgroups, within which nodes are densely connected while between which they are sparsely connected. To evaluate the quality of community(More)