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Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) is a complex pathological process. Although autophagy can be evoked by ischemia, its involvement in the reperfusion phase after ischemia and its contribution to the fate of neurons remains largely unknown. In the present investigation, we found that autophagy was activated in the reperfusion phase, as revealed in both(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between the gut-liver axis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of probiotic therapy in NAFLD. METHODS We searched PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library and Chinese Biomedicine Database for all relevant randomized controlled trials on(More)
To describe physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) patterns before and during pregnancy among Chinese, Malay and Indian women. In addition, to investigate determinants of change in PA and SB during pregnancy. The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes cohort recruited first trimester pregnant women. PA and SB (sitting time and(More)
AIM To investigate whether changes in the frequency of peripheral natural killer T (NKT) cells were correlated with liver disease in patients who had metabolic predispositions to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 60 Chinese NAFLD patients and 60 age and gender matched healthy controls. The(More)
Transient cerebral ischemia leads to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. However, the contributions of ER stress to cerebral ischemia are not clear. To address this issue, the ER stress activators tunicamycin (TM) and thapsigargin (TG) were administered to transient middle cerebral artery occluded (tMCAO) mice and oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion(More)
A novel-modified magnetic chitosan adsorbent was used to remove selected pharmaceuticals, i.e., diclofenac (DCF) and clofibric acid (CA) and carbamazepine (CBZ), from aqueous solutions. The characterization of magnetic chitosan was achieved by scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,(More)
Accumulating evidence has implicated Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in extragastrointestinal diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease. Recently, there has been a special focus on H. pylori infection as a risk factor for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is(More)
BACKGROUND TGF-β plays a dual role in the progression of human cancer. During the early stages of carcinogenesis, TGF-β functions as a tumor suppressor. During the late stages of tumor development, however, TGF-β can promote tumor growth and metastasis. A shift in Smad2/3 phosphorylation from the carboxy terminus to linker sites is a key event determining(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs with modulator activity of gene expression. The role of miRNAs in hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is currently largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of miR-370 in hepatic IR injury. METHODS The expression levels of hepatic miR-370 in(More)
AIM To elucidate the prevalence and risk factors for gallstones, primarily focusing on Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS A total of 10016 Chinese subjects, who had undergone physical examination, fasting (13)C urea breath test and abdominal ultrasonography, had sufficient blood test data, and had finished a questionnaire, were included in(More)