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Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (Mlkl) was recently found to interact with receptor interacting protein 3 (Rip3) and to be essential for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced programmed necrosis (necroptosis) in cultured cell lines. We have generated Mlkl-deficient mice by transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs)-mediated gene(More)
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of the polyglutamine (polyQ) tract of the androgen receptor (AR-polyQ). Characteristics of SBMA include proximal muscular atrophy, weakness, contraction fasciculation and bulbar involvement. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a diverse class of highly conserved(More)
We present a data-driven approach to derive part-level segmentation and labeling of free-hand sketches, which depict single objects with multiple parts. Our method performs segmentation and labeling simultaneously, by inferring a structure that best fits the input sketch, through selecting and connecting 3D components in the database. The problem is(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of motor neurons. We previously showed that the expression of dynactin 1, an axon motor protein regulating retrograde transport, is markedly reduced in spinal motor neurons of sporadic ALS patients, although the mechanisms by which decreased(More)
Necroptosis is a form of programmed necrosis that is mediated by signaling complexes containing the receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and RIP1 kinases. We show that RIP3 and its interaction with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) protein ICP6 triggers necroptosis in infected mouse cells and limits viral propagation in mice. ICP6 interacts with(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive death of motor neurons. Although the pathogenesis of ALS remains unclear, several cellular processes are known to be involved, including apoptosis. A previous study revealed the apoptosis-related gene c-Abl to be upregulated in sporadic ALS motor(More)
In isolated thick filaments from many types of muscle, the two head domains of each myosin molecule are folded back against the filament backbone in a conformation called the interacting heads motif (IHM) in which actin interaction is inhibited. This conformation is present in resting skeletal muscle, but it is not known how exit from the IHM state is(More)
There is an increasing need for cloud service performance that can be tailored to customer requirements. In the context of jobs submitted to cloud computing clusters, a crucial requirement is the specification of job completion-times. A natural way to model this specification, is through client/job utility functions that are dependent on job(More)
We address the problem of scheduling jobs with utilities that depend solely upon their completion-times in a shared cloud that imposes considerable uncertainty on the jobs' runtime. However, it is very hard to estimate the jobs' runtime in a shared cloud where jobs are often delayed due to reasons such as slow I/O performance and variations in memory(More)