Zhaozhong Han

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Cyanovirin-N (CV-N) is under development as a topical (vaginal or rectal) microbicide to prevent sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and an economically feasible means for very large-scale production of the protein is an urgent priority. We observed that N-glycosylation of CV-N in yeast eliminated the anti-HIV activity, and that(More)
The structure of the potent HIV-inactivating protein cyanovirin-N was previously found by NMR to be a monomer in solution and a domain-swapped dimer by X-ray crystallography. Here we demonstrate that, in solution, CV-N can exist both in monomeric and in domain-swapped dimeric form. The dimer is a metastable, kinetically trapped structure at neutral pH and(More)
Mutant proteins with altered properties can be useful probes for investigating structure, ligand binding sites, mechanisms of action, and physicochemical attributes of the corresponding wild-type proteins of interest. In this report, we illuminate properties of mutants of the potent HIV-inactivating protein, cyanovirin-N (CV-N), selected by construction of(More)
Cyanovirin-N (CV-N) exerts a potent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-inactivating activity against diverse strains of HIV by binding to the viral surface envelope glycoprotein gp120 and blocking its essential interactions with cellular receptors. Based on previous thermodynamic analyses, it has been speculated that discrete protein-protein interactions(More)
The bacteriophage clones which can bind with shiga toxin B subunit (StxB) and inhibit cytotoxicity of shiga toxin were obtained by using antibody capturing method from a 15-mer random peptide library displayed on the surface of bacteriophage fd. Among them, one peptide encoded by the random DNA region of a selected bacteriophage (A12) was synthesized and(More)
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