Zhaoyuan Liu

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NF-κB is constitutively activated in psoriatic epidermis. However, how activated NF-κB promotes keratinocyte hyperproliferation in psoriasis is largely unknown. Here we report that the NF-κB activation triggered by inflammatory cytokines induces the transcription of microRNA (miRNA) miR-31, one of the most dynamic miRNAs identified in the skin of psoriatic(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic recurrent inflammatory skin disorder characterized by the dysregulated cross-talk between epidermal keratinocytes and immune cells, leading to keratinocyte hyperproliferation. Several studies demonstrated that Wnt pathway genes were differentially expressed in psoriatic plaques and likely were involved in the pathophysiology of(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR6 has been recently shown to be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. However, the direct evidence for whether CCR6 in tumors is a prognostic marker for the survival of patients with CRC and whether it plays a critical role in CRC metastasis in vivo is lacking. Here we show that the levels of CCR6 were upregulated in(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) cells play an important role in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Th17 cell differentiation from naïve T cells can be induced in vitro by the cytokines transforming growth factor β1 and interleukin-6. However, it remains unclear whether other regulatory factors control the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have demonstrated promising therapeutic potential for a variety of diseases including autoimmune disorders. A fundamental requirement for MSC-mediated in vivo immunosuppression is their effective trafficking. However the mechanism underlying MSC trafficking remains elusive. Here we report that skin-derived MSCs (S-MSCs) secrete(More)
Peripherally derived regulatory T (pT(reg)) cell generation requires T-cell receptor (TCR) signalling and the cytokines TGF-β1 and IL-2. Here we show that TCR signalling induces the microRNA miR-31, which negatively regulates pT(reg)-cell generation. miR-31 conditional deletion results in enhanced induction of pT(reg) cells, and decreased severity of(More)
Retinoic acid inducible-gene I (RIG-I) functions as one of the major sensors of RNA viruses. DDX58, which encodes the RIG-I protein, has been newly identified as a susceptibility gene in psoriasis. Here, we show that the activation of RIG-I by 5'ppp-dsRNA, its synthetic ligand, directly causes the production of IL-23 and triggers psoriasis-like skin disease(More)
MicroRNA-31 (miR-31) is an evolutionarily conserved microRNA, and its biological function in colorectal cancer and other cancers is controversial. In this study, we identified the host gene of mouse miR-31 and found that miR-31 was over-expressed in both human colorectal cancer and mouse colon cancer models. We here developed a miR-31 conditional knockout(More)
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