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Here we showed that pAMPKα and PTEN were down-regulated and p-mTOR, p-S6, p-4EBP1, MMP7, and DCN1 were up-regulated in human gastric cancer tissue samples as compared to that in the noncancerous tissues. Metformin inhibited tumor growth in mice. Also it enhanced cisplatin- or rapamycin-induced reduction of tumor growth as compared with treatment of either(More)
The search for active semiconductor photocatalysts that directly split water under visible-light irradiation remains one of the most challenging tasks for solar-energy utilization. Over the past 30 years, the search for such materials has focused mainly on metal-ion substitution as in In(1-x)Ni(x)TaO(4) and (V-,Fe- or Mn-)TiO(2) (refs 7,8), non-metal-ion(More)
Visible light-induced degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) and eosin Y (EO) in a heterogeneous TiO(2) P-25/EO/RhB system was investigated in the present work. The results showed that the photodegradation of RhB is enhanced significantly when EO is introduced into the P-25/RhB system. Under optimal conditions (50 mg P-25, 20 mg L(-1) EO), RhB (4 mg L(-1)) almost(More)
Transcriptional inactivation of breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) by DNA methylation is a frequent event in sporadic breast cancers. To investigate whether BRCA1 methylation is associated with survival in Chinese patients with sporadic breast cancer, BRCA1 methylation was determined using methylation specific PCR in 536 sporadic breast cancers. Survival curves(More)
A novel porous fluorine doped tin oxide (PFTO) conductive framework was introduced to counter electrodes (CEs) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). When modified by platinum (Pt) or carbon (C), the PFTO conductive framework displays high catalytic activity to I(-)/I3(-) redox couples. Power conversion efficiencies of 6.09% and 5.81% were obtained in the(More)
Monoclinic clinobisvanite bismuth vanadate is an important material with wide applications. However, its electronic structure and optical properties are still not thoroughly understood. Density functional theory calculations were adopted in the present work, to comprehend the band structure, density of states, and projected wave function of BiVO(4). In(More)
In this study, 3D-photonic crystal design was utilized to enhance incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE) of WO(3) photoanodes. Large-area and high-quality WO(3) photonic crystal photoanodes with inverse opal structure were prepared. The photonic stop-bands of these WO(3) photoanodes were tuned experimentally by variation of the pore size(More)
The therapeutic and prognostic value of the glycolytic enzymes hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, and pyruvate kinase (PK) has been implicated in a variety of cancers, while their roles in treatment of and prognosis for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) remain unclear. In this study, we determined the expression of PKM2 in and its impact on biology and clinical(More)
Polyhedron-shaped AgNbO3 photocatalysts were synthesized by solvothermal and liquid-solid methods. Their photocatalytic properties were evaluated from the photocatalytic O2 evolution under visible light irradiation. The polyhedron-shaped AgNbO3 was induced to grow by shaped silver particles followed by the free-growth model. The photocatalytic results(More)