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This study tested predictions from a network model of ventrolateral medullary respiratory neurone interactions for the generation of the cough motor pattern observed in inspiratory and expiratory pump muscles. Data were from 34 mid-collicularly decerebrated, paralysed, artificially ventilated cats. Cough-like patterns (fictive cough) in efferent phrenic and(More)
1. This study addressed the hypothesis that ventrolateral medullary respiratory neurones participate in the control of laryngeal motoneurones during both eupnoea and coughing. 2. Data were obtained from 28 mid-collicular decerebrated, artificially ventilated cats. Cough-like motor patterns (fictive cough) in phrenic, lumbar and recurrent laryngeal nerves(More)
This study addresses the hypothesis that multiple afferent systems share elements of a distributed brain stem network that modulates the respiratory motor pattern. Data were collected from 18 decerebrate, bilaterally vagotomized, paralyzed, artificially ventilated cats. Up to 28 neurons distributed in the rostral and caudal ventral respiratory group,(More)
1. Previous studies indicate that prostacyclin (PGI2) increases the activity of baroreceptor afferent fibres. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that PGI2 inhibits Ca(2+)-activated K+ current (IK(Ca))in isolated baroreceptor neurones in culture. 2. Rat aortic baroreceptor neurones in the nodose ganglia were labelled in vivo by applying a(More)
This study addresses the hypothesis that multiple sensory systems, each capable of reflexly altering breathing, jointly influence neurons of the brain stem respiratory network. Carotid chemoreceptors, baroreceptors, and foot pad nociceptors were stimulated sequentially in 33 Dial-urethan-anesthetized or decerebrate vagotomized adult cats. Neuronal impulses(More)
Since high expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been detected in glucocorticoid-producing adrenocortical cells, we evaluated the potential role of FXR in adrenal glucocorticoid production. FXR agonist GW4064 increased fasting plasma corticosterone levels (+45%; P<0.01) in C57BL/6 mice, indicative of enhanced adrenal steroidogenesis. GW4064 treatment(More)
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