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Pyrethroid insecticides are widely used as one of the most effective control measures in the global fight against agricultural arthropod pests and mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria and dengue. They exert toxic effects by altering the function of voltage-gated sodium channels, which are essential for proper electrical signaling in the nervous(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels are the primary target of pyrethroid insecticides. Numerous point mutations in sodium channel genes have been identified in pyrethroid-resistant insect species, and many have been confirmed to reduce or abolish sensitivity of channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes to pyrethroids. Recently, several novel mutations were reported(More)
The ultrastructural effects of ingested Celangulin V (CA-V), an insecticidal component extracted from the root bark of Chinese bittersweet (Celastrus angulatus Maxim), on the midgut epithelial cells of the oriental armyworm larva (Mythimna separata Walker) were studied. Transmission electron microscopy showed that CA-V could induce a severe, time-dependent(More)
In order to develop new biorational pesticides and clarify the potential structural factors needed for the biological activity of celangulin-V analogues, thirty novel nitrogenous derivatives were designed and synthesized. The single crystal structure of celangulin-V is reported for the first time and provides a more accurate structure than that previously(More)
Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (sodium pump) is an important target for the development of botanical pesticide as it is responsible for transforming chemical energy in ATP to osmotic work and maintaining electrochemical Na(+ )and K(+ )gradients across the cell membrane of most animal cells. Celangulin IV (C-IV) and V (C-V), which are isolated from the root bark of(More)
Periplocoside NW (PSNW) with pregnane glycoside skeleton is a novel insecticidal compound isolated from the root bark of Periploca sepium Bunge. This compound has a potent stomach poisoning activity against several insect pests. In this study, we observed the intoxication symptoms, investigated the histopathological effects and carried out immuno-electron(More)
Periplocoside NW (PSNW) is a novel insecticidal compound isolated from the root bark of Periploca sepium Bunge and has potent stomach toxicity against some insect pests. Previous studies showed that the Mythimna separata larva is sensitive to PSNW, but the Agrotis ispilon larva is insensitive. In this study, preliminary target localization on the midgut of(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry toxins from the Cry1A family demonstrate significantly different toxicities against members of the family Noctuidae for unknown reasons. In this study, membrane potential was measured and analyzed in freshly isolated midgut samples from Mythimna separata and Agrotis ipsilon larvae under oral administration and in vitro(More)
Twenty-eight new phrymarolin derivatives, including twenty-one ethers, six esters and a dehydroxy phrymarolin, were prepared from phrymarolin I and the structures of all the derivatives were confirmed by ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR spectroscopic and MS data analyses. Larvicidal activities of these phrymarolin analogues were assayed against 4th instar larvae of Culex(More)
Haedoxan A (HA) is a major active ingredient in the herbaceous perennial plant lopseed (Phryma leptostachya L.), which is used as a natural insecticide against insect pests in East Asia. Here, we report that HA delayed the decay rate of evoked excitatory junctional potentials (EJPs) and increased the frequency of miniature EJPs (mEJPs) on the Drosophila(More)