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Although nullizygous loss of NF1 leads to myeloid malignancies, haploinsufficient loss of NF1 (Nf1) has been shown to contribute to osteopenia and osteoporosis which occurs in approximately 50% of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients. Bone marrow mononuclear cells of haploinsufficient NF1 patients and Nf1(+/-) mice exhibit increased osteoclastogenesis(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major problem in successful treatment of cancers. Human ABCG2, a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily, plays a key role in MDR and an important role in protecting cancer stem cells. Knockout of ABCG2 had no apparent adverse effect on the mice. Thus, ABCG2 is an ideal target for development of(More)
ASXL1 is mutated/deleted with high frequencies in multiple forms of myeloid malignancies, and its alterations are associated with poor prognosis. De novo ASXL1 mutations cause Bohring-Opitz syndrome characterized by multiple congenital malformations. We show that Asxl1 deletion in mice led to developmental abnormalities including dwarfism, anophthalmia, and(More)
Human fatty acid synthase (FASN) is a homo-dimeric protein with multi-enzymatic activity responsible for the synthesis of palmitate. FASN expression has been found to be up-regulated in multiple types of human cancers and its expression correlates with poor prognosis possibly by causing treatment resistance. In this study, we tested if FASN expression is(More)
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of death in the US. Unlike other solid tumors such as testicular cancer which are now curable, more than 90% of pancreatic cancer patients die due to lack of response to therapy. Recently, the level of 14-3-3σ mRNA was found to be increased in pancreatic cancers and this increased expression may contribute to(More)
14-3-3sigma is a member of a highly conserved family of 14-3-3 proteins that are present in all eukaryotic organisms. 14-3-3sigma has been considered as a tumor suppressor with reduced expression in some human cancers while its increased expression causes resistance to anticancer agents and radiation that cause DNA damages. The increased expression of(More)
Human ABCC1 is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily, and its overexpression has been shown to cause multidrug resistance by active efflux of a wide variety of anticancer drugs. ABCC1 has been shown to exist and possibly function as a homodimer. However, a possible heterocomplex involving ABCC1 has been indicated. In this study,(More)
Many proteins exist and function as oligomers. While hydrophobic interactions have been recognized as the major driving force for oligomerization, detailed molecular mechanisms for the assembly are unknown. Here, we used 14-3-3σ as a model protein and investigated the role of hydrophobic residues at the dimeric interface using MD simulations and(More)
Many proteins exist and function as homodimers. Understanding the detailed mechanism driving the homodimerization is important and will impact future studies targeting the "undruggable" oncogenic protein dimers. In this study, we used 14-3-3σ as a model homodimeric protein and performed a systematic investigation of the potential roles of amino acid(More)
ErbB2, ErbB3 and ErbB4 are members of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) sub-family of Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs). Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a ligand of ErbB3 and ErbB4 receptors. NRG-1-induced ErbB2/ErbB3 or ErbB2/ErbB4 heterodimerization, followed by receptor phosphorylation, plays multiple biological roles. To precisely determine the(More)