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To explore the role of aberrant hypermethylation of cancer-related genes, such as P16, MGMT, and hMLH1, in the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as well as its relation to dietary folate intake and MTHFR C677T polymorphism, we conducted a molecular epidemiologic study in China. One hundred and twenty-five histologically confirmed ESCC patients(More)
Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), a member of the LY-6/Thy-1 family of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored cell surface proteins, is considered to be involved in the cell-proliferation inhibition and/or cell-death induction activity. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2976392 and rs2294008) in the PSCA gene were recently identified as the(More)
PURPOSE Accumulative evidence suggests that folate has a protective effect on gastric cancer. The methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (MTHFD) plays an important role in folate and homocysteine metabolisms, and polymorphisms of MTHFD may result in disturbance of the folate-mediated homocysteine pathway. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis(More)
Growing evidence suggests that the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway occupies a central position in the signaling networks that control cell growth and differentiation. TGF-beta1 and its receptor TGF-betaRII have been correlated with the development of certain forms of cancer, including gastric cancer. We hypothesized that(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a ligand of the EGF receptor, plays a critical role in the development of gastric cancer. Genetic variants in its promoter region may influence transcription activity and contribute to gastric cancer predisposition. To test this hypothesis, we genotyped three EGF promoter polymorphisms (G61A, G-1380A, and A-1744G) in a(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their receptors play a crucial role in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 is the most abundant insulin-like growth factor receptor in the serum and binds the majority of insulin-like growth factors. Studies reported that circulating level of(More)
Low folate intake has been associated with an increased risk of both oesophageal and gastric cancers. Reduced folate carrier (RFC1, also named SLC19A1) is an essential folate transporter and functions as a bidirectional anion exchanger, taking up folate cofactors and exporting various organic anions. A G80A polymorphism in RFC1 gene has been shown to be(More)
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and its receptor II (TGF-βRII) are two key components of TGF-β signaling and play an important role in carcinogenesis. Several functional polymorphisms were identified in TGFB1 and TGFBR2 and associated with elevated serum or plasma level of TGF-β1 and enhanced transcription activity of TGFBR2. This population-based(More)
BACKGROUND HER-2/neu-targeted therapy has been successfully used in advanced gastric cancer, but the role of HER-2/neu in the prognosis of gastric cancer is not yet clear. In this study, we investigated the correlation between HER-2/neu expression and amplification as well as their association with clinic outcomes in patients with curatively resected(More)
Interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) is a key element in T helper (Th)17 cell-mediated inflammatory process, which plays an important role in pathogenesis of gastric cancer. Genetic variants of IL-23R have been identified as the predisposing factors for immunopathologic process. In this study, we hypothesized that the functional genetic variants of IL-23R gene(More)