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We present a real-time liveness detection approach against photograph spoofing in face recognition, by recognizing spontaneous eyeblinks, which is a non-intrusive manner. The approach requires no extra hardware except for a generic webcamera. Eyeblink sequences often have a complex underlying structure. We formulate blink detection as inference in an(More)
Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a popular technique for finding parts-based, linear representations of nonnegative data. It has been successfully applied in a wide range of applications such as pattern recognition, information retrieval, and computer vision. However, NMF is essentially an unsupervised method and cannot make use of label(More)
This issues Works in Progress department features 10 interesting ongoing intelligent transportation systems projects. The first five projects (TIME, Sentient Transport, EVT, DynaCHINA, TrafficView) focus on traffic and vehicular data collection, transmission, and analysis. The sixth projects aims to provide intelligent-copilot services for driven, while the(More)
With the growing adoption of Web services on the World Wide Web, the issue of QoS-based service selection is becoming important. A common hypothesis of previous research is that the QoS information to the current user is supposed all known and accurate. However, the real case is that there are many missing QoS values in history records. To avoid the(More)
With the extensive applications of Web services on the Internet, to locate target services in an accurate and efficient way becomes increasingly difficult. At present, semantic Web service is regarded as the most promising approach to address the challenge. In this paper, an ontology service description language and a query language, OSDL and OSQL are(More)
Service discovery becomes a key to hastening the evolution of web services as the number of services is expected to increase dramatically. In this paper, we propose to index all the ontology-annotated outputs in registered services. For each ontology-annotated output, there is a service list which records all the services in the registry that deliver the(More)
Establishing a dense vertex-to-vertex anthropometric correspondence between 3D faces is an important and fundamental problem in 3D face research, which can contribute to most applications of 3D faces. This paper proposes a sparse facial deformable model to automatically achieve this task. For an input 3D face, the basic idea is to generate a new 3D face(More)