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RNA-coat protein interactions in intact tobacco mosaic virus have been investigated for the first time directly on the single-molecule level by pulling the genetic RNA step by step out of the helical groove formed by its protein coat. The effects of pulling speed and pH on RNA-protein interactions are presented. In addition, the rebinding behavior of the(More)
Poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) surface was modified via aminolysis by poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) at high pH and subsequent electrostatic self-assembly of poly(sodium styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and PAH, and the process was monitored by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. These modified PLLAs were then used as charged(More)
Covalently attached, soft poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel films containing silver particles were prepared on solid biodegradable poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) samples by a multistep procedure involving oxygen plasma treatment, UV-initiated graft polymerization, and chemical grafting methods. The modification steps were followed and verified using attenuated(More)
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, understand, and communicate about health-related information needed to make informed health decisions and is an important factor in patient health outcomes and resulting health care costs. Because of its importance across many areas of health, specific attention has been given to(More)
Syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) nanorods with different diameters have been prepared by using anodic aluminum oxide templates, and the orientation of the sPS crystals in the nanorods has been investigated by FT-IR spectroscopy. It is found that the c axis of the β' crystals preferentially oriented perpendicular to the axis of the nanorod, and the degree of(More)
Dynamic self-assembly of nonvolatile solutes via controlled solvent evaporation has been exploited as a simple route to create a variety of hierarchically assembled structures. In this work, two glass slides were used to form a confined space in which a solution of a rodlike nanoparticle, tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), was evaporated to create large-scale(More)
By means of a slow drying process and the control of surface charge characteristics, protein stripe patterns were readily prepared on the luminal surface of a capillary. We systematically studied the effects of surface properties, pH, and protein concentration on pattern formation using optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and quartz crystal(More)
Superoleophobic surfaces have attracted increasing interest in recent years due to their potential application in various fields. In this paper, we report a surface that exhibits superoleophobicity both in air and in seawater. A polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) is assembled on an aluminum substrate with a micro/nano hierarchical surface structure, and the(More)
In this paper, compositions of nanodomains in a commercial high-impact polypropylene (HIPP) were investigated by an atomic force microscopy-infrared (AFM-IR) technique. An AFM-IR quantitative analysis method was established for the first time, which was then employed to analyze the polyethylene content in the nanoscopic domains of the rubber particles(More)