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Supplementary oxygen is commonly administered in current medical practice. Recently it has been suggested that hyperoxia causes acute oxidative stress and produces prompt and substantial changes in coronary resistance in patients with ischemic heart disease. In this report, we examined whether the effects of hyperoxia on coronary blood velocity (CBV) would(More)
Reflex cardiovascular responses to contracting skeletal muscle are mediated by mechanical and metabolic stimulation of thin-fiber muscle afferents. Diprotonated phosphate (H2PO4-) excites those thin-fiber nerves and evokes the muscle pressor reflex. The receptors mediating this response are unknown. Thus we examined the role played by purinergic receptors,(More)
Activation of purinergic P2X receptors and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) on muscle afferent nerve evokes the pressor response. Because P2X and TRPV1 receptors are sensitive to changes in pH, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of muscle acidification on those receptor-mediated cardiovascular responses. In decerebrate(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in sensory nerves are responsive to increases in the levels of protons in the extracellular medium. Prior studies suggest that the muscle metabolite, lactic acid, plays a role in reflex sympathetic and cardiovascular responses via stimulation of thin muscle afferent nerves. Also, femoral artery occlusion augments the reflex(More)
Muscle metabolic by-products stimulate thin fiber muscle afferent nerves and evoke reflex increases in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity. Previous studies reported that chemically sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channels present on sensory muscle afferent neurons have an important impact on sympathetically(More)
Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by(More)
In congestive heart failure (CHF), exaggerated sympathetic activation is observed during exercise, which elicits excess peripheral vasoconstriction. The mechanisms causing this abnormality are not fully understood. Central command is a central neural process that induces parallel activation of motor and cardiovascular systems. This study was undertaken to(More)
Previous work has shown that muscle contraction elevates interstitial adenosine triphosphate concentration ([ATP]i), which is likely due to the release of ATP from active skeletal muscle. ATP activation of purinergic receptors P2X on thin muscle afferent fibers further enhances cardiovascular responses to contraction. Thus, the purposes of this study were:(More)
Classic canine studies suggest that central great vein distension evokes an autonomic reflex tachycardia (Bainbridge reflex). It is unclear whether central venous distension in humans is a necessary and sufficient stimulus to evoke a reflex increase in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Prior work from our(More)
Obesity is a disease of oxidative stress (OS). Acute hyperoxia (breathing 100 % O2) can evoke coronary vasoconstriction by the oxidative quenching of nitric oxide (NO). To examine if weight loss would alter the hyperoxia-related coronary constriction seen in obese adolescents, we measured the coronary blood flow velocity (CBV) response to hyperoxia using(More)