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Supplementary oxygen is commonly administered in current medical practice. Recently it has been suggested that hyperoxia causes acute oxidative stress and produces prompt and substantial changes in coronary resistance in patients with ischemic heart disease. In this report, we examined whether the effects of hyperoxia on coronary blood velocity (CBV) would(More)
BACKGROUND During exercise, the sympathetic nervous system is activated and blood pressure and heart rate increase. In heart failure (HF), the muscle metaboreceptor contribution to sympathetic outflow is attenuated and the mechanoreceptor contribution is accentuated. Previous studies suggest that (1) capsaicin stimulates muscle metabosensitive vanilloid(More)
A previous report from this laboratory demonstrated that the ATP-sensitive P2X receptor-mediated muscle pressor reflex was augmented in rats with heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to better understand the underlying mechanisms for this greater response in HF rats. We examined 1) responsiveness of the P2X receptor to alpha,beta-methylene ATP(More)
Reflex cardiovascular responses to contracting skeletal muscle are mediated by mechanical and metabolic stimulation of thin-fiber muscle afferents. Diprotonated phosphate (H2PO4-) excites those thin-fiber nerves and evokes the muscle pressor reflex. The receptors mediating this response are unknown. Thus we examined the role played by purinergic receptors,(More)
Activation of purinergic P2X receptors and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) on muscle afferent nerve evokes the pressor response. Because P2X and TRPV1 receptors are sensitive to changes in pH, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of muscle acidification on those receptor-mediated cardiovascular responses. In decerebrate(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in sensory nerves are responsive to increases in the levels of protons in the extracellular medium. Prior studies suggest that the muscle metabolite, lactic acid, plays a role in reflex sympathetic and cardiovascular responses via stimulation of thin muscle afferent nerves. Also, femoral artery occlusion augments the reflex(More)
Muscle metabolic by-products stimulate thin fiber muscle afferent nerves and evoke reflex increases in blood pressure and sympathetic nerve activity. Previous studies reported that chemically sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channels present on sensory muscle afferent neurons have an important impact on sympathetically(More)
We recently showed that a fixed volume (i.e., 40 ml) of saline infused into the venous circulation of an arterially occluded vascular bed increases muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and blood pressure. In the present report, we hypothesized that the volume and rate of infusion would influence the magnitude of the sympathetic response. Blood pressure,(More)
Previous work has shown that muscle contraction elevates interstitial adenosine triphosphate concentration ([ATP]i), which is likely due to the release of ATP from active skeletal muscle. ATP activation of purinergic receptors P2X on thin muscle afferent fibers further enhances cardiovascular responses to contraction. Thus, the purposes of this study were:(More)
Static contraction of skeletal muscle evokes increases in blood pressure and heart rate. Previous studies suggested that the dorsal horn of the spinal cord is the first synaptic site responsible for those cardiovascular responses. In this study, we examined the role of ATP-sensitive P2X receptors in the cardiovascular responses to contraction by(More)