Zhaochao Xu

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In the past decade, fluorescent chemosensors for zinc ion (Zn(2+)) have attracted great attention because of the biological significance of zinc combined with the simplicity and high sensitivity of fluorescence assays. Chemosensors can be divided into a fluorophore, a spacer and a receptor unit; the receptor is the central processing unit (CPU) of a(More)
A Cu(II)-sensing, ratiometric, and selective fluorescent sensor 1, N-butyl-4,5-di[(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino]-1,8-naphthalimide, was designed and synthesized on the basis of the mechanism of internal charge transfer (ICT). In aqueous ethanol solutions of 1, the presence of Cu(II) induces the formation of a 1:1 metal-ligand complex, which exhibits a strong,(More)
It is still a significant challenge to develop a Zn(2+)-selective fluorescent sensor with the ability to exclude the interference of some heavy and transition metal (HTM) ions such as Fe(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Cd(2+), and Hg(2+). Herein, we report a novel amide-containing receptor for Zn(2+), combined with a naphthalimide fluorophore, termed ZTRS. The(More)
A pincer-like benzene-bridged sensor 1 with a pyrene excimer as a signal source and imidazolium as a phosphate anion receptor was synthesized and investigated for ATP sensing. A unique switch of excimer vs monomer pyrene fluorescence of 1 is observed in the presence of ATP due to the charcteristic sandwich pi-pi stacking of pyrene-adenine-pyrene. On the(More)
In a neutral aqueous environment, a new ratiometric Cd2+ fluorescent sensor 1a can successfully discriminate Cd2+ from Zn2+ by undergoing two different internal charge transfer (ICT) processes, and the high selectivity of sensor 1a to Cd2+ over some other metals was also observed. Moreover, through structure derivation and a series of NMR studies, the(More)
In this tutorial review we discuss imidazolium receptors for anion recognition and recent contributions between 2006-2009 are reviewed according to target analytes, such as ATP and DNA, as well as structural classification, including cage type imidazoliums, imidazolium calixarenes, ferrocenyl imidazoliums, chiral systems, fluorescent or colorimetric(More)
Viscosity is a fundamental physical parameter that influences diffusion in biological processes. The distribution of intracellular viscosity is highly heterogeneous, and it is challenging to obtain a full map of cellular viscosity with detailed organelle information. In this work, we report 1 as the first fluorescent viscosity probe which is able to(More)
The fluorescence intensity of N,N-dimethyl-4-((2-methylquinolin-6-yl)ethynyl)aniline exhibits an unusual intensification with increasing temperature, by activating more vibrational bands and leading to stronger TICT emissions upon heating in dimethyl sulfoxide. Based on the different temperature dependence at various wavelengths, as shown in the TICT(More)