Learn More
We report the results of a modeling study on the sensitivity of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and surface reflectance to differences in instrument spectral response functions (SRF) for various Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometers (AVHRR) onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) satellites NOAA-6–16 as well as(More)
Satellite remote sensing is a promising technique to estimate global or regional evapotranspiration (ET) or evaporative fraction (EF) of the surface total net radiation budget. The current methods of estimating the ET (or EF) from the gradient between land surface temperature (Ts) and near surface air temperature are very sensitive to the retrieval errors(More)
This paper is concerned with uncertainties in the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)based retrieval of optical depth for heavy smoke aerosol plumes generated from forest fires that occurred in Canada due to a lack of knowledge on their optical properties (single-scattering albedo and asymmetry parameter). Typical values of the optical(More)
Cloud overlapping has been a major issue in climate studies owing to a lack of reliable information available over both oceans and land. This study presents the first near-global retrieval and analysis of single-layer and overlapped cloud vertical structures and their optical properties retrieved by applying a new method to the Moderate Resolution Imaging(More)
Solar energy reaching our planet is partly reflected to space, partly absorbed in the atmosphere, and partly absorbed at the earth’s surface. This partitioning of the solar energy incident at the top of the atmosphere (TOA), hereafter called solar energy disposition (SED), is determined by the optical properties of the atmospheric column, which, in turn, is(More)
The frequent occurrence of high cirrus overlapping low water cloud poses a major challenge in retrieving their optical properties from spaceborne sensors. This paper presents a novel retrieval method that takes full advantage of the satellite data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The main objectives are identification of(More)
Cloud droplet effective radius (DER) and liquid water path (LWP) are two key parameters for the quantitative assessment of cloud effects on the exchange of energy and water. Chang and Li presented an algorithm using multichannel measurements made at 3.7, 2.1, and 1.6 m to retrieve a cloud DER vertical profile for improved cloud LWP estimation. This study(More)
Aerosols alter cloud density and the radiative balance of the atmosphere. This leads to changes in cloud microphysics and atmospheric stability, which can either suppress or foster the development of clouds and precipitation. The net effect is largely unknown, but depends on meteorological conditions and aerosol properties. Here, we examine the long-term(More)
[1] Aerosol-cloud interaction is recognized as one of the key factors influencing cloud properties and precipitation regimes across local, regional, and global scales and remains one of the largest uncertainties in understanding and projecting future climate changes. Deep convective clouds (DCCs) play a crucial role in the general circulation, energy(More)
[1] The Dutch-Finnish Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) launched on the NASA Aura satellite in July 2004 offers unprecedented spatial resolution, coupled with contiguous daily global coverage, for space-based UV measurements of sulfur dioxide (SO2). We present a first validation of the OMI SO2 data with in situ aircraft measurements in NE China in April(More)