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Two forms of hepatitis B virus (HBV) C/D recombinant have been identified in western China, but little is known about their geographical and ethnic distributions, and particularly the clinical significance and specific mutations in the pre-core region. To address these questions, a total of 624 chronic HBV carriers from four ethnic populations representing(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) subgenotypes Ba, C1 (Cs), and C2 (Ce) are the most prevalent HBV variants in China. To investigate the virological characteristics of these subgenotypes and their clinical implications, we enrolled a cohort of 211 patients in the Guangdong Province of China, including 132 with chronic hepatitis B virus infection (CH), 32 with liver(More)
It is well documented that perinatal transmission is the major cause of chronic HBV infection in China. However, the mechanisms of HBV perinatal transmission are not defined clearly. It is not known whether hepatitis B e antigen can cross the human placenta, and the rate of HBeAg decay in babies with and without HBV breakthrough has not been studied. In(More)
The prevalence of a G1862T variant of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been investigated in patients with fulminant hepatitis and chronic liver disease, using primer mismatch amplification, followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. This variant was five times more common in patients with fulminant hepatitis (13.7%, 7 of 52) than in chronic(More)
Lappaconitine (LAP), a non-addictive potent analgesic drug, is broadly used to treat cancer and postoperative pain in many countries, and it also has antibiotic activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella Typhi. Despite its widespread usage and potential for expanded use, its metabolism was poorly investigated. In this work, the metabolic fate of(More)
Quinocetone (QCT), 3-methyl-2-cinnamoylquinoxaline-1,4-dioxide, is a quinoxaline-N,N-dioxide used in veterinary medicine as a feed additive. QCT is broadly used in China to promote animal growth, but few studies have been performed to reveal the metabolism of QCT in animals until now. In the present study, the metabolites of QCT in swine urine were(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (CLF) is generally considered the surgical approach of choice for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic fundoplication (RALF) has recently been introduced into laparoscopic clinical practice with the aim of improving surgical performance by eliminating tremors and fatigue.(More)
This review focuses on the toxicity and metabolism of T-2 toxin and analytical methods used for the determination of T-2 toxin. Among the naturally occurring trichothecenes in food and feed, T-2 toxin is a cytotoxic fungal secondary metabolite produced by various species of Fusarium. Following ingestion, T-2 toxin causes acute and chronic toxicity and(More)
The feasibility of using protein A to immobilize antibody on silicon surface for a biosensor with imaging ellipsometry was presented in this study. The amount of human IgG bound with anti-IgG immobilized by the protein A on silicon surface was much more than that bound with anti-IgG immobilized by physical adsorption. The result indicated that the protein A(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have a characteristic geographical distribution. More than 90% of chronic HBV patients in China are infected with genotypes B or C. Here, eight HBV isolates that were initially classified as genotype D by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis were analysed in detail. The complete HBV genome was sequenced and(More)