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Understanding changes in soil N cycling with stand development is critical for forest management as tree growth is affected by soil N availability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in soil N availability and loss with stand development in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) in northeastern(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Indoxyl sulfate, a protein-bound uremic toxin, may be associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with CKD. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between indoxyl sulfate and heart failure in patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Patients on hemodialysis for >6(More)
BACKGROUNDS Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which implies the occurrence of cardiac dysfunction, impacts cardiac prognosis, even after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study was designed to clarify the difference of clinical and angiographic predictors for reduced LVEF in(More)
This experimental study was designed to clarify the relationship between cardiomyocyte apoptosis and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression, and confirm the effect of TNF-α on cardiac dysfunction after coronary microembolization (CME) in mini-pigs. Nineteen mini-pigs were divided into three groups: sham-operation group (n = 5), CME group (n = 7)(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays an important role in progressive contractile dysfunction in several cardiac diseases. The cytotoxic effects of TNF-α are suggested to be partly mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS)- and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) or its analogue exhibits protective effects on the(More)
Quantitative relationships between soil N availability indices and tree growth are lacking in the oil sands region of Alberta and this can hinder the development of guidelines for the reclamation of the disturbed landscape after oil sands extraction. The aim of this paper was to establish quantitative relationships between soil N availability indices and(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of coronary microembolization is of clinical importance for patient management and prediction of long-term outcome. However, there are few studies of the changes of magnetic resonance imaging after coronary microembolization. This study was designed to investigate the imaging of the left ventricle using delayed contrast enhanced(More)
OBJECTIVE Aortic valve calcification (AVC) is common in the elderly and associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, while diabetes is one of the confirmed risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and severity of CAD in type-2 diabetic patients with AVC. METHODS From June to December in(More)
With improving MR sequence, phase-array coil and image quality, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is becoming a promising method for a comprehensive non-invasive evaluation of coronary artery and myocardial viability. The study aimed to evaluate contrast-enhanced whole-heart coronary MR angiography (CE WH-CMRA) at 3.0-Tesla for the diagnosis of significant(More)
OBJECTIVES Coronary artery disease (CAD) severity is associated with patient prognosis. However, few efficient scoring systems have been developed to screen severe CAD in patients with stable angina and suspected CAD before coronary angiography. Here, we present a novel scoring system for CAD severity before elective coronary angiography. METHODS Five(More)