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This experiment examined the relationship between reinforcer magnitude and quantitative measures of performance on progressive-ratio schedules. Fifteen rats were trained under a progressive-ratio schedule in seven phases of the experiment in which the volume of a 0.6-M sucrose solution reinforcer was varied within the range 6-300 microl. Overall response(More)
RATIONALE Performance on progressive ratio schedules has been proposed as a means of assessing the effects of drugs on the value or "efficacy" of reinforcers. A mathematical model affords a basis for quantifying the effects of drugs on progressive ratio schedule performance. According to this model, the relation between response rate and ratio size is(More)
RATIONALE Performance on progressive ratio schedules has been proposed as a means of assessing the effects of drugs on the efficacy of reinforcers. A mathematical model (Killeen PR (1994) Mathematical principles of reinforcement. Behav Brain Sci 17:105-172) affords a basis for quantifying the effects of drugs on progressive ratio schedule performance. The(More)
The ability of rats to discriminate durations of exteroceptive stimuli is disrupted by 5-HT(1A) receptor agonists; it is not known whether temporal discrimination is sensitive to stimulation of other 5-HT receptor subtypes. We examined the effect of quipazine, a 5-HT receptor agonist with nanomolar affinity for 5-HT(3) receptors and micromolar affinity for(More)
When a stabilized memory is recalled or reactivated, it becomes labile and sensitive to disruptors such as protein-synthesis inhibitors. Previous evidence demonstrates that stress modulates different aspects of memory. The role of stress during reactivation on rewarding or aversive memory is not known, however. This study examines the effects of stress on(More)
We examined the effects of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor agonist 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI) on performance on the fixed-interval peak procedure, and the sensitivity of these effects to 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor antagonists(More)
RATIONALE Chronic exposure to drugs of abuse alters neural processes that normally promote learning and memory. A context that is repeatedly paired with reinforcing drugs will acquire secondary reinforcing properties (conditioned reward). However, the effects of conditioned reward on spatial learning are unknown. OBJECTIVE Using the conditioned place(More)
RATIONALE Temporal differentiation refers to animals' ability to regulate their behaviour during an ongoing interval. Striatal dopaminergic mechanisms are purported to be involved in temporal differentiation, and recent evidence also implicates 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (5-HTergic) mechanisms, possibly mediated by 5-HT(2A) receptors. There is evidence that(More)
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