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Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) comprise a range of disorders that share a core of neurobehavioural deficits characterized by widespread abnormalities in social interactions, deficits in communication as well as restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. The neurological basis and circuitry mechanisms underlying these abnormal behaviours are poorly(More)
The effect of increasing the expression of NMDA subunits in cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) by transfection was studied to determine how the availability of various NMDA subunits controls both the total pool of functional receptors and the synaptic pool. Overexpression of either NR2A or NR2B, but not splice variants of NR1, by transfection caused a(More)
Cell adhesion molecules have been implicated as key organizers of synaptic structures, but there is still a need to determine how these molecules facilitate neurotransmitter receptor recruitment to developing synapses. Here, we identify erythrocyte protein band 4.1-like 3 (protein 4.1B) as an intracellular effector molecule of Synaptic Cell Adhesion(More)
The NR3A subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor has been shown to form glutamatergic receptor complexes with NR1 and NR2 subunits and excitatory glycinergic receptor complexes with NR1 alone. We developed an antibody to NR3A and, using quantitative immunoblotting techniques, determined the degree of association between the NR3A subunit and the NR1 and(More)
In developing cerebellar interneurons, NMDA increases spontaneous GABA release by activating presynaptic NMDA receptors. We investigated the role of these receptors on differentiating basket/stellate cells in cerebellar cultures grown under conditions allowing functional synaptic transmission. Presynaptic GABAergic boutons were visualized either by GAD65(More)
The Rap family of small GTPases is implicated in the mechanisms of synaptic plasticity, particularly synaptic depression. Here we studied the role of Rap in neuronal morphogenesis and synaptic transmission in cultured neurons. Constitutively active Rap2 expressed in hippocampal pyramidal neurons caused decreased length and complexity of both axonal and(More)
We previously reported greater GABAA receptor-mediated tonic currents in D2+ striatopallidal than D1+ striatonigral medium spiny neurons (MSNs) are mediated by alpha5-subunit-containing receptors. Here, we used whole-cell recordings in slices from bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic mice to investigate the link between subunit composition,(More)
The NMDA receptor is an important component of excitatory synapses in the CNS. In addition to its synaptic localization, the NMDA receptor is also present at extrasynaptic sites where it may have functions distinct from those at the synapse. Little is known about how the number, composition, and localization of extrasynaptic receptors are regulated. We(More)
Silent synapses are excitatory synapses endowed exclusively with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) responses that have been proposed to acquire alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) responses during development and after long-term potentiation (LTP). These synapses are functionally silent because of the Mg(2+) block of NMDA receptors at(More)
We investigated the role N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits play in shaping excitatory synaptic currents in cultures of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) from NR2A knockout (NR2A-/-) and wild-type (+/+) mice. Cultures were maintained in a condition that facilitates the occurrence of functional synapses, allowing us to record NMDA-miniature(More)