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BACKGROUND Autologous bone marrow cells (BMCs) transplanted into ventricular scar tissue may differentiate into cardiomyocytes and restore myocardial function. This study evaluated cardiomyogenic differentiation of BMCs, their survival in myocardial scar tissue, and the effect of the implanted cells on heart function. METHODS AND RESULTS IN VITRO(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with congenital heart disease frequently require graft material for repair of cardiac defects. However, currently available grafts lack growth potential and are noncontractile and thrombogenic. We have developed a viable cardiac graft that contracts spontaneously in tissue culture by seeding cells derived from fetal rat ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine the optimal time for cell transplantation after myocardial injury. METHODS The left ventricular free wall of adult rat hearts was cryoinjured and the animals were sacrificed at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks for histologic studies. Fetal rat cardiomyocytes (transplant) or culture medium (control) were transplanted(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of smooth muscle cell transplantation into myocardial ventricular scar formed by cryo-necrosis. The left ventricular free wall (LVFW) of adult rats was cryo-necrosed. At 4 weeks after cryo-injury cultured fetal rat stomach smooth muscle cells (transplanted group, n = 10) or culture medium (control, n = 10) were(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation of cultured cardiomyocytes into myocardial scar tissue may prevent heart failure. METHODS Scar tissue was produced in the left ventricular free wall of 15 rats (weight, 450 g) by cryoinjury. Seven animals had operation only and survived for 8 weeks (sham group). Four weeks after cryoinjury, cultured fetal rat cardiomyocytes or(More)
OBJECTIVES Currently available graft materials for repair of congenital heart defects cause significant morbidity and mortality because of their lack of growth potential. An autologous cell-seeded graft may improve patient outcomes. We report our initial experience with the construction of a biodegradable graft seeded with cultured rat or human cells and(More)
OBJECTIVE The synthetic materials currently available for the repair of cardiac defects are nonviable, do not grow as the child develops, and do not contract synchronously with the heart. We developed a beating patch by seeding fetal cardiomyocytes in a biodegradable scaffold in vitro. The seeded patches survived in the right ventricular outflow tract of(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously reported that fetal cardiomyocyte transplantation into myocardial scar improves heart function. The mechanism by which this occurs, however, has not been elucidated. To investigate possible mechanisms by which cell transplantation may improve heart function, we compared cardiac function after transplantation of 3 different fetal(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal rat cardiomyocytes transplanted into left ventricular scar tissue of the adult rat heart limit scar expansion and improve heart function. This study determined morphologic changes of transplanted fetal rat cardiomyocytes in myocardial scar tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS The left ventricles of 500-g Sprague-Dawley rats were cryodamaged. At 4(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal ventricular cardiomyocyte transplantation into a cardiac scar improved ventricular function, but these cells were eventually eliminated by rejection. We therefore examined the feasibility of autologous adult heart cell transplantation. METHODS A transmural scar was produced in the left ventricular free wall of adult rats by cryoinjury.(More)