Early detection of tumors can significantly improve the outcome of tumor treatment. One of the most frequently asked questions in cancer imaging is how many cells can be detected non-invasively in a live animal. Although many factors limit such detection, increasing the light emission from cells is one of the most effective ways of overcoming these… (More)
Use of a base-free Pd(DMSO)(2)(TFA)(2) catalyst system enables the synthesis of six-membered nitrogen heterocycles via a Wacker-type aerobic oxidative cyclization of alkenes bearing tethered sulfonamides. Various heterocycles, including morpholines, piperidines, piperazines, and piperazinones, are accessible by this method.
Electron-rich aromatic C-H bonds undergo regioselective chlorination and bromination in the presence of CuX(2), LiX (X = Cl, Br) and molecular oxygen. Preliminary mechanistic insights suggest that the bromination and chlorination reactions proceed by different pathways.