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Early detection of tumors can significantly improve the outcome of tumor treatment. One of the most frequently asked questions in cancer imaging is how many cells can be detected non-invasively in a live animal. Although many factors limit such detection, increasing the light emission from cells is one of the most effective ways of overcoming these(More)
Metal-catalyzed enantioselective allylation, which involves the substitution of allylic metal intermediates with a diverse range of different nucleophiles or S(N)2'-type allylic substitution, leads to the formation of C-H, -C, -O, -N, -S, and other bonds with very high levels of asymmetric induction. The reaction may tolerate a broad range of functional(More)
The prospect of conducting synthetically useful organic reactions with visible light has attracted significant recent attention from a number of research groups including our own. These efforts have focused on the utilization of the remarkable photoredox properties of ruthenium and iridium polypyridyl complexes, and a variety of photocatalytic(More)
We report a new method for the formal [3+2] reaction of aryl cyclopropyl ketones with olefins to generate highly substituted cyclopentane ring systems. The key initiation step in this process is the one-electron reduction of the ketone to the corresponding radical anion, which is accomplished using a photocatalytic system comprising Ru(bpy)(3)(2+),(More)
Structurally novel endoperoxides can be sythesized by the photocatalytic cyclotrimerization of bis(styrene) substrates with molecular oxygen. The optimal catalyst for this process is Ru(bpz)(3)(2+), which is a markedly more efficient catalyst for these photooxygention reactions than conventional organic photosensitizers. The 1,2-dioxolane products are(More)
Photochemical reactions are remarkable for their ability to easily assemble cyclobutanes and other strained ring systems that are difficult to construct using other conventional synthetic methods. We have previously shown that Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) is an efficient photocatalyst that promotes the [2+2] cycloadditions of electron-deficient olefins with visible(More)
To compare the efficacy of simo decoction (SMD) combined with acupuncture at the tsusanli acupoint or chewing gum alone for treating postoperative ileus in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.In postoperative ileus, a frequent complication following hepatectomy, bowel function recovery is delayed, which increases length of(More)
Triggering uncontrolled cellular proliferation, chronic inflammation, and/or disruption of p53 activity is critical for tumorigenesis initiated by latent viral oncogenes. The adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) early genes E1A and E1B can maintain lifelong latency in the lungs of patients with chronic pulmonary diseases. To determine the in vivo effects of the latent(More)
Little is known about the biological significance of human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) E1A in vivo. However, Ad5 E1A is well defined in vitro and can be detected frequently in the lungs of patients with pulmonary disease. Transgenic expression of the Ad5 E1A gene targeted to the mouse lung reveals distinct biological effects caused by two Ad5 E1A products.(More)