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Bacteria belonging to the genus Paenibacillus are recognized as rich sources of bioactive natural products. To date, there are few characterized siderophores from this genus. Here, through genome analysis, we identified a non-ribosomal peptide biosynthetic gene cluster (pae) responsible for siderophore assembly in Paenibacillus elgii B69. The 12.8 kb gene(More)
Two lipopeptide antibiotics, pelgipeptins C and D, were isolated from Paenibacillus elgii B69 strain. The molecular masses of the two compounds were both determined to be 1,086 Da. Mass-spectrometry, amino acid analysis and NMR spectroscopy indicated that pelgipeptin C was the same compound as BMY-28160, while pelgipeptin D was identified as a new(More)
Through bioassay-guided fractionation and chromatography technique, eight indole alkaloids were furnished from the stems of Ervatamia hainanensis. All isolates were evaluated for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition activities, in which compounds 1 and 3 exhibited the same level of activities as galantamine, a marketed cholinesterase inhibitor for the(More)
A series of physostigmine analogues were prepared and evaluated for cholinesterase inhibition activities, including acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Most of them showed potent inhibition activities against AChE, in which compound 17 especially exhibited significantly higher selectivity over BChE than phenserine, a compound(More)
A chemical study of metabolites of the strain Penicillium sp. P-1, an endophyte from the stems of Huperzia serrata, furnished a new chromone derivative, (2S)-2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-6,8-dimethyl-2-[(E)-prop-1-enyl]- chroman-4-one (1), an enantiomer of a known compound, and seven known compounds 2–8. The structure and absolute configuration of 1 were(More)
Aurovertins are fungal polyketides that exhibit potent inhibition of adenosine triphosphate synthase. Aurovertins contain a 2,6-dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane ring that is proposed to be derived from a polyene precursor through regioselective oxidations and epoxide openings. In this study, we identified only four enzymes required to produce aurovertin E. The(More)
Modification of natural products with prenyl groups and the ensuing oxidative transformations are important for introducing structural complexity and biological activities. Penigequinolones (1) are potent insecticidal alkaloids that contain a highly modified 10-carbon prenyl group. Here we reveal an iterative prenylation mechanism for installing the(More)
Twelve highly oxygenated novel daphnane-type diterpenoids genkwanines A-L (1-12), together with four known diterpenes (13-16), were isolated from the bud of Daphne genkwa, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The new structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral methods, especially 2D NMR spectra (HMQC, HMBC, NOESY). Inhibitory activity(More)
One new sesquiterpenoid alkaloid, namely 3 beta,8 alpha-dihydroxy-13-pyrrolidine-4(15),10(14)-(1 alpha H,5 alpha H,6 beta H,11 beta H)-guaiadien-12,6-olide (1), together with two known guaiane-type sesquiternoids (2-3) was isolated from the aerial part of Acroptilon repens. The structure of 1 was established by spectroscopic methods, especially 2D NMR(More)