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OBJECTIVES The study aimed to investigate whether maternal GAD during pregnancy affects fetal circulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which plays important roles in neuronal development, by comparing cord blood BDNF levels in newborn infants of women with and without GAD. METHODS Study sample included 19 women with GAD and 25 women without(More)
AIM To understand the effect of prenatal chronic hypoxia on prohepcidin levels in term newborns. METHOD We determined prohepcidin (Pro-Hep) levels in both term appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) and term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Uteroplacental insufficiency had exposed all SGA infants to chronic hypoxia. Serum samples were collected(More)
AIM To determine the incidence and outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-related acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) including morbidity, nosocomial infection and mortality among newborn infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS A multicenter, prospective study was conducted in newborns who were(More)
OBJECTIVE Auditory and vestibular functions have critical importance in infancy because they may affect motor and mental development. We aimed to determine the normal values of the vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) parameters to provide a reference for further research regarding the early diagnosis of vestibular dysfunction in newborns. METHODS(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether there was an association between perinatal risk factors of prematurity and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs). A prospective case-control trial was designed. Fifty preterm newborns (100 ears) with a gestational age <37 weeks were included. The control group consisted of 20 healthy term infants (40(More)
Pierre-Robin sequence or syndrome (PRS) (OMIM #261800) is characterized by a small mandible (micrognathia), posterior displacement/retraction of the tongue (glossoptosis), and upper airway obstruction. It has an incidence varying from 1 in 8,500 to 1 in 30,000 births. Congenital heart defects (CHDs) occur in 20 % of the patients with PRS. Ventricular septal(More)
Congenital leukemia is rare, and is frequently diagnosed as a form of acute myeloid leukemia at, or immediately after birth. Some infections, viral in particular, can mimic clinical signs and/or laboratory findings of congenital leukemia. This is the first documented case of candidemia resembling leukemia.
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) and their complications in critically ill premature neonates. METHODS A retrospective collection of data of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) who underwent PICC placement over a 2-year period. Gestational age, birth weight (BW), sex, site of catheter(More)
The objective of this study was to determine differences between pediatrician and pediatric cardiologists regarding initial assessment of neonatal heart murmur and to evaluate the role of echocardiography in this group of patients. During a 6-month period, all term births in the obstetric unit at Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey, were(More)
We report a newborn with hyperekplexia and uncontrolled tonic spasms which did not respond to intravenous phenobarbitone and phenytoin, and midazolam infusion. Serum biochemistry, electrocardiography, electroencephalography, lumbar puncture and neuroimaging were normal. Continuous cardiac monitoring revealed that tonic spasm episodes were accompanied by(More)