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A review of the literature revealed that a variety of methods are currently used for fitting net assimilation of CO2-chloroplastic CO2 concentration (A-Cc) curves, resulting in considerable differences in estimating the A-Cc parameters [including maximum ribulose 1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) carboxylation rate (Vcmax), potential light(More)
The energy requirement for biomass comminution and the resulting particle physical properties are important factors to study logistic components, select equipment, and assess the overall efficiency of feedstock supply–conversion chain. In this study, mechanical size reduction of Miscanthus (Miscant-hus giganteus), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), willow(More)
Lignocellulosic biomass feedstock transportation bridges biomass production, transformation, and conversion into a complete bioenergy system. Transportation and associated logistics account for a major portion of the total feedstock supply cost and energy consumption, and therefore improvements in transportation can substantially improve the(More)
and decision models for invasive species management: application to leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula). Ecology and Society 13(2): 12. [online] ABSTRACT. Invasive species are a major cause of environmental change and are often costly to control. Decision theory should offer managers guidance to formulate the optimal allocation of resources. Unfortunately,(More)
The low bulk density and low flowability of lignocellulosic biomass feedstock have been regarded widely as major barriers for a sustainable and efficient supply system. Densification of biomass is a viable option to increase the bulk (and inherent energy) density and flowability of feedstock, leading to improved efficiency of the supply system. The energy(More)
" The questions here are whether the existing grain-producing infrastructure is capable of handling these huge volumes of biomass, and what potential barriers must be addressed through research to accomplish the goal as stated. The US Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee has envisioned a 30% replacement of the current US petroleum consumption with(More)
Size reduction and densification of lignocellulosic biomass feedstock play a crucial role in the preprocessing and supply of biomass. Size reduction is an operation where the size distribution of biomass particles is adapted to a level determined by its final use. The purpose of densification is to increase the bulk and inherent energy density of the(More)
Lignocellulosic biomass in bale form has a low bulk density. Current in-field balers can achieve a bulk density of merely 120 to 180 kg dry matter (DM) m−3, whereas modern high-compression cutting balers produce up to 230 kg m−3. Mechanical compression is a straightforward technique to increase the material density, which significantly improves the(More)
The benefi ts of particle size reduction and mechanical densifi cation of biomass feedstock for storage, transportation, and handling must be assessed in relation to the systemic costs and energy consumption incurred due to these operations. The goal of this work was to determine the optimal levels of size reduction and densifi cation through a combination(More)